Impact of biparametric prebiopsy prostate magnetic resonance imaging on the diagnostics of clinically significant prostate cancer in biopsy na ïve men.

The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of clinically significant prostate cancer (CSPCa) in men with biparametric prebiopsy prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and lesion-targeted biopsies (TBs) to the group of men without prebiopsy MRI in an initial biopsy session.Methods: The MRI group consists of men enrolled into four prospective clinical trials investigating a biparametric MRI (bpMRI) and TB while the non-MRI group was a retrospective cohort of men collected from an era prior to a clinical use of a prostate MRI. All men had standard biopsies (SBs). In the MRI group, men had additional TBs from potential cancer-suspicious lesions. CSPCa was defined as Gleason score ≥3 + 4 in any biopsy core taken. All the patients were prostate biopsy naïve.Results: The MRI group consists of 507 while the non-MRI group 379 men. Mean age and prostate specific antigen (PSA) level differed significantly (p 
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Scand J Urol Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRIAuthor(s): Devaki Shilpa Sudha Surasi, Brian Chapin, Chad Tang, Gregory Ravizzini, Tharakeswara Kumar BathalaAbstractProstate cancer (PCa) is the most common non-cutaneous malignancy in men and the second leading cause of cancer related death in the United States. Men with clinical suspicion of PCa undergo tissue sampling and based on features including the Gleason score, Prostate Specific antigen (PSA) levels and clinical tumor (T) stage, patients are risk stratified into 6 major groups based on National Comprehensive Cancer Netwo...
Source: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRI - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
In this study, the feasibility of the quantification of prostate cancer aggressiveness using parametric methods assessing [11C]-acetate kinetics was investigated in prostate cancer subjects. The underlying uptake mechanism correlated with [11C]-acetate influx and efflux measured in real-time in vitro in cell culture. Methods: Twenty-one patients with newly diagnosed low-to-moderate risk prostate cancer underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and dynamic [11C]-acetate PET/CT examinations of the pelvis. Parametric images of K1 (extraction × perfusion), k2 (oxidative metabolism) and VT (=K1/k2, anabolic metabolism de...
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
AbstractImaging plays an increasing role in prostate cancer diagnosis and staging. Accurate staging of prostate cancer is required for optimal treatment planning. In detecting extraprostatic cancer and sites of early recurrence, traditional imaging methods (computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, radionuclide bone scan) have suboptimal performance. This leaves a gap between known disease recurrence as indicated by rising prostate-specific antigen and the ability to localize the recurrence on imaging. Novel positron emission tomography (PET) agents including radiolabeled choline, fluciclovine (18F-FACBC), and agent...
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: mpMRI can provide additional information for the detection of prostate cancer before saturation biopsies.Level of Evidence: III. PMID: 32026731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Scand J Urol Source Type: research
Positron-emission tomography (PET) with prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) has been increasingly used to image prostate cancer in the last decade. In the staging setting several studies have already been published suggesting PSMA PET can be a valuable tool. They, however, did not translate into recommendations by guidelines. Both PSMA PET/computed tomography (CT) and PET/magnetic resonance imaging have been investigated in the staging setting, showing higher detection rate of prostate cancer lesions over the conventional imaging work-up and some studies already showed an impact on disease management. The aim of this...
Source: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: In routine clinical practice, conventional imaging still have a role, and communication between imagers and clinicians should be encouraged. Present and future clinical trials should use modern imaging methods to clarify their usage.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To introduce capped biparametric (bp) MRI slots for follow-up imaging of prostate cancer patients enrolled in active surveillance (AS) and evaluate the effect on weekly variation in the number of AS cases and total MRI workload. METHODS: Three 20 min bpMRI AS slots on two separate days were introduced at our centre. The weekly numbers of total prostate MRIs and AS cases recorded 15 months before and after the change (Groups 1 and 2, respectively). An intergroup variation in the weekly scan numbers was assessed using the coefficient of variance (CV) and mean absolute deviation; the ...
Source: The British Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Br J Radiol Source Type: research
ConclusionMpMRI is the primary modality for T-staging in hrPC as PET underestimated T-stage in direct comparison to final pathology. In this selected study, cohort MRI shows no inferiority compared to wbPET/MRI considering N-staging.
Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
is a major health problem. In the UK, it is the most common male cancer and the second most common cause of male cancer death. Its strongest predeterminant is increasing age. Virtually all cancers are adenocarcinomas, the grade being indicated by the Gleason score. There are often no presenting symptoms. Investigations such as serum prostate specific antigen, digital rectal examination, biopsy and, increasingly, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are required for diagnosis. Local staging consists of MRI, with computed tomography (CT), bone scanning and, increasingly, positron emission tomography-CT for detecting metastases.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Common cancers Source Type: research
Abstract Clinically node-positive prostate cancer is often found at the time of diagnosis by cross-sectional imaging and remains poorly understood. Advanced imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging nanoparticles or positron emission tomography-based molecular imaging stand to rapidly change the field and hopefully will bring better diagnostic clarity. This will allow for prospective clinical trials using radiographic, clinical, or molecular parameters to establish who may benefit from both localized and systemic treatment intensification and who may avoid overtreatment. Recent advances in metastatic h...
Source: Cancer Journal - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Cancer J Source Type: research
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