Renal Replacement Therapy in Pediatric Acute Kidney Injury
AbstractAcute kidney injury (AKI) is common in critically ill children and affects nearly 30 –40% of patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (ICU). Even with technological advances in critical care and dialysis, there is a high mortality rate of 66.8% to 90% in ICU patients. Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is often performed to treat patients with AKI. However, for optimal RRT treatment, it is crucial to consider the indications, modes of access, and prescription of each RRT method. Therefore, this review aims to discuss the various modalities of RRT in pediatric patients, which include peritoneal dialysis (PD), hemodialysis (HD), continuous RRT (CRRT), and sustained low-efficiency dialysis (SLED).
Authors: Marshall MR Abstract There are a number of misconceptions around the identified early survival benefit of peritoneal dialysis (PD) relative to hemodialysis (HD), including that such benefits "even out in the end" since the relative risk of death over time eventually encompasses 1.0 (or even an estimate that is unfavorable to PD); that the early benefit is, in fact, most likely due to unmeasured confounding; and such benefits are only due to the influence of central venous catheters and "crash starters" in the HD group. In fact, the early survival benefit results in a substantial gain of...
CONCLUSION: Long-term survival following EPS managed conservatively with nutritional support is feasible, with the majority no longer requiring nutritional support and having a quality of life similar to other patients with ESKD. PMID: 32067553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: In this randomized controlled trial, we were unable to demonstrate that regular, targeted testing and retraining of new PD patients increased the time to first peritonitis or reduced the rate of peritonitis, as the study comprised patients with a low risk of peritonitis, was underpowered, open to type 1 statistical error, and contamination between groups. PMID: 32063220 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Rangaswamy D, Guddattu V, Webster AC, Borlace M, Boudville N, Clayton P, Badve S, Johnson DW, Sud K Abstract BACKGROUND: Icodextrin is a high molecular weight, starch-derived glucose polymer that is used as an osmotic agent in peritoneal dialysis (PD) to promote ultrafiltration. There has been wide variation in its use across Australia and the rest of the world, but it is unclear whether these differences are due to patient- or centre-related factors. METHODS: Using the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry, all adult patients (>18 years) who started PD in Australia between 1 Ja...
CONCLUSIONS: For RCS, HRQOL in PD+HD patients was better than that in HD and comparable with that in PD patients, whereas the PCS, MCS, and KDCS HRQOL scores of PD+HD patients were comparable with those of HD and PD patients. PMID: 32063200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
We present a retrospective review of 18 patients at our center that received this therapy and describe their ultimate disposition. We observed that 39% of the population on hybrid dialysis ultimately transitioned to full in center HD, 28% continue until death, and 33% either transition to home HD or received a transplant. In our center, hybrid dialysis was successful as a bridging therapy or in balancing continuation of dialysis with quality of life among those with a limited prognosis. PMID: 32063198 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: PD appears to be more cost-effective than HD in China, and the major influential factors on the cost-effectiveness are the direct costs of HD, utility of HD, utility of PD, direct costs of PD, PD mortality, and HD mortality. PMID: 32063196 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: This TEACH-PD study has demonstrated feasibility of implementation in a real clinical setting. The outcomes of this study have informed refinement of the TEACH-PD modules prior to rigorous evaluation of its efficacy and cost-effectiveness in a large-scale study. PMID: 32063194 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Nkoy AB, Ndiyo YM, Matoka TT, Odio BM, Kazadi OK, Aloni MN, Collard L, McCulloch M, Ngiyulu RM, Gini JE, Lepira FB, van den Heuvel LP, Levtchenko E, Ekulu PM Abstract In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), acute kidney injury (AKI) contributes to the high rate of child mortality owing to the conjunction of poverty, deficiency of qualified health-care providers in pediatric nephrology, and the lack of pediatric dialysis programs. We aimed to describe the recent experience of the first pediatric acute peritoneal dialysis (PD) program in DRC. This is a retrospective cohort study on epidemiology, clinical ...
CONCLUSIONS: Insertion-related complications leading to significant adverse events following laparoscopic placement of PD catheters are common. Many complications occur before the start of PD. Insertion-related complications are an important area of focus for future research and quality improvement efforts. PMID: 32063191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]