SFRP1 in Skin Tumor Initiation and Cancer Stem Cell Regulation with Potential Implications in Epithelial Cancers

Publication date: Available online 9 January 2020Source: Stem Cell ReportsAuthor(s): Raghava R. Sunkara, Rahul M. Sarate, Priyanka Setia, Sanket Shah, Sanjay Gupta, Pankaj Chaturvedi, Poonam Gera, Sanjeev K. WaghmareSummaryWnt signaling is involved in the regulation of cancer stem cells (CSCs); however, the molecular mechanism involved is still obscure. SFRP1, a Wnt inhibitor, is downregulated in various human cancers; however, its role in tumor initiation and CSC regulation remains unexplored. Here, we used a skin carcinogenesis model, which showed early tumor initiation in Sfrp1−/− (Sfrp1 knockout) mice and increased tumorigenic potential of Sfrp1−/− CSCs. Expression profiling on Sfrp1−/− CSCs showed upregulation of genes involved in epithelial to mesenchymal transition, stemness, proliferation, and metastasis. Further, SOX-2 and SFRP1 expression was validated in human skin cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, and breast cancer. The data showed downregulation of SFRP1 and upregulation of SOX-2, establishing their inverse correlation. Importantly, we broadly uncover an inverse correlation of SFRP1 and SOX-2 in epithelial cancers that may be used as a potential prognostic marker in the management of cancer.
Source: Stem Cell Reports - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research

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Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
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