Decompression Surgery versus Interspinous Devices for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

This study included 40 papers that matched our criteria. Twenty-five decompression-exclusive clinical trials with 3,386 patients and a mean age of 68.7 years (range, 31-88 years) reported a 2.2% incidence rate of dural tears and a 2.6% incidence rate of postoperative infections. Eight ISD-exclusive clinical trials with 1,496 patients and a mean age of 65.1 (range, 19-89 years) reported a 5.3% incidence rate of postoperative leg pain and a 3.7% incidence rate of spinous process fractures. Seven studies that compared ISDs and decompression in 624 patients found a reoperation rate of 8.3% in ISD patients vs. 3.9% in decompression patients; they also reported dural tears in 0.32% of ISD patients vs. 5.2% in decompression patients. A meta-analysis of the randomized controlled trials found that the differences in preoperative and postoperative VAS scores between the two groups were not significant. Both decompression and ISD interventions are unique surgical interventions with different therapeutic efficacies and complications. The collected studies do not consistently demonstrate superiority of either procedure over the other but understanding the differences between the two techniques can help tailor treatment regimens for patients with LSS. PMID: 31906617 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research

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AbstractPurposeWe aimed to explore the risk factors of preoperative sleep quality in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and the association of sleep-related beliefs with sleep quality in these patients.MethodsSleep quality and related risk factors of sleep quality disturbances in patients with LSS preoperatively were assessed by questionnaires. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) for sleep quality, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) for clinical outcomes, Visual Analog Scale for Pain (VAS Pain), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) for anxiety level, and Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep (DBAS-16) for sleep...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: We aimed to explore the risk factors of preoperative sleep quality in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and the association of sleep-related beliefs with sleep quality in these patients. METHODS: Sleep quality and related risk factors of sleep quality disturbances in patients with LSS preoperatively were assessed by questionnaires. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) for sleep quality, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) for clinical outcomes, Visual Analog Scale for Pain (VAS Pain), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) for anxiety level, and Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
This study included 390 patients with LHD or LSS referred for surgical evaluation after unsuccessful conservative treatment. Nonsuccess was defined as a Roland-Morris Disability score above 4 (0–23) or a Numeric Rating Scale back and leg pain score above 20 (0–60). Uni- and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to investigate potential predictive factors including sociodemographic characteristics, history findings, levels of pain and disability, and magnetic resonance imaging findings. Results. Rates of nonsuccess at 2 years were approximately 30% in surgically treated patients with LHD, approx...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: SURGERY Source Type: research
Conclusion: Decompressive laminectomy without fusion effectively managed LSS. It reduced patients' use of pain, anxiety, and antidepressant medications. In addition, we found that increased preoperative BMIs contributed to poorer postoperative outcomes (e.g., ODI values). PMID: 32123615 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
Conclusion: Compared with decompression alone, Coflex and lumbar interbody fusion had the similar effectiveness in improving lumbar function and quality of life. However, the latter 2 techniques were better in relieving pain. Furthermore, Coflex included a lower complication incidence rate. So we suggested that Coflex technique was a better choice to cue lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Systematic review and meta-analysis, level I.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
Conclusions: Paraspinal muscles evaluated with MRI were more significantly associated with the pathology of ASD compared with appendicular skeletal muscle evaluations with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. The present study indicates that multifidus and erector muscles significantly influenced the maintenance of the pelvic alignment. Level of Evidence: Level III.
Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Primary Research Source Type: research
Conclusion DSCA, morphological grading, and sedimentation sign are good to excellent radiologic indicators differentiating patients with simple back pain from those with lumbar spinal stenosis. Clinically, ODI is an excellent indicator of the severity of stenosis. But ODI statistically has no significant correlation to any of these radiologic parameters. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewSymptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a condition affecting a growing number of individuals resulting in significant disability and pain. Traditionally, treatment options have consisted of conservative measures such as physical therapy, medication management, epidural injections and percutaneous adhesiolysis, or surgery. There exists a treatment gap for patients failing conservative measures who are not candidates for surgery. Minimally invasive lumbar decompression (MILD ®) and interspinous process device (IPD) with Superion® represent minimally invasive novel treatment options that ...
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo define and analyze the learning curve of percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal decompression (PETD) for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).MethodsFrom July 2015 to September 2016, 78 patients underwent PETD; one of whom was converted to open surgery, two were lost, and 75 were included in this study. Clinical results were assessed by using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and visual analog scale (VAS). The learning curve was assessed by a logarithmic curve-fitting regression analysis. Of these 75 patients, 35 were defined as the “early” group, and 40 were defined as the “late” group ...
Source: International Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionMI-TLIF has equivalent efficacy to O-TLIF in obese patients at long-term follow-up. In addition, complication rate, blood loss, and length of hospital stay were lower in MI-TLIF than in O-TLIF.
Source: HSS Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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