A contiguous microdeletion syndrome at Xp23.13 with non-obstructive azoospermia and congenital cataracts

AbstractNon-obstructive azoospermia accounts for 10 –15% of male infertility, resulting in 60% of all cases of azoospermia and affecting about 1% of the male population. About 30% of these cases are due to Y chromosome microdeletions, chromosome abnormalities, or hormonal disorders. Pathogenic variants in genes on the sex chromosomes have key roles in spermatogenic failure. The co-occurrence of azoospermia and congenital cataracts ranges between 1 in 165,000 and 1 in 500,000. Our 28-year-old patient with normal intelligence and abnormally shaped teeth presented with both disorders. A microarray revealed a microdeletion at Xp23.13 with a whole NHS gene deletion as well as a contiguous deletion of two other genes [SCML1 and RAI2]. This observation represents the first report of non-obstructive azoospermia with congenital cataracts and a contiguous deletion of the SCML1 gene, a transcript of which is exclusively expressed in the testis. SC ML1 is the putative culprit gene, which requires functional study or animal experiments. Our analysis of 60 known spermatogenesis failure-related genes by whole-exome sequencing revealed no other candidate. The Nance-Horan syndrome due to pathogenic variants in the NHS gene at Xp23.13 including whol e gene deletion does not have azoospermia as a feature. Our report adds to the completeness of genetic counseling for an individual with azoospermia and congenital cataracts.
Source: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

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Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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