Neighborhood Privilege, Preterm Delivery, and Related Racial/Ethnic Disparities: An Intergenerational Application of the Index of Concentration at the Extremes.

Neighborhood Privilege, Preterm Delivery, and Related Racial/Ethnic Disparities: An Intergenerational Application of the Index of Concentration at the Extremes. Am J Epidemiol. 2020 Jan 07;: Authors: Shrimali BP, Pearl M, Karasek D, Reid C, Abrams B, Mujahid M Abstract Neighborhood conditions are linked to preterm delivery and related racial/ethnic disparities. We assessed whether early childhood and adulthood experiences of neighborhood privilege, measured by the Index of Concentration at the Extremes (ICE), were associated with preterm delivery and related disparities using intergenerationally linked birth records of 379,794 California-born primiparous mothers (born 1982-1997) and their infants (born 1997-2011). ICE measures during early childhood and adulthood approximated racial/ethnic and economic dimensions of neighborhood privilege and disadvantage separately (ICE-income, ICE- race/ethnicity) and in combination (ICE-income+race/ethnicity). Results of our generalized estimating equation models with robust standard errors showed associations for ICE-income and ICE-income+race/ethnicity. For example, ICE-income+race/ethnicity was associated with preterm delivery in both early childhood (RR=1.12, 95% CI: 1.08, 1.17) and adulthood (RR=1.07, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.11). Non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic women had higher risk of preterm delivery than White women (RR=1.32, 95% CI: 1.28, 1.37; and RR=1.11, 95% CI: 1.08, 1.14 respectively adjusting for individual-lev...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Related Links:

This report continues the development of ALIs as a clinical tool in wildlife while systematically testing one possible method for determining an optimal ALI for a particular species. PMID: 32228119 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Stress - Category: Research Tags: Stress Source Type: research
Authors: Park J, Kim J, Chen Y, Song HC, Chen Y, Zheng M, Surh YJ, Kim UH, Park JW, Joe Y, Chung HT Abstract Oxidative stress is recognised as a key factor that can lead to cellular senescence and aging. Carbon monoxide (CO) is produced by haemoxygenase-1 (HO-1), which exerts cytoprotective effects in aging-related diseases, whereas the effect of CO on cellular senescence and aging has not been elucidated. In the current study, we clearly demonstrated that CO delays the process of cellular senescence and aging through regulation of miR-34a and Sirt1 expression. CO reduced H2O2-induced premature senescence in human ...
Source: Free Radical Research - Category: Research Tags: Free Radic Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2020Source: Journal of Microbiological MethodsAuthor(s): Wisnu Tafroji, Felicia Monica Bernadette, Ernawati A. Giri Rachman, Dodi Safari
Source: Journal of Microbiological Methods - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 April 2020Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and InfectionAuthor(s): Chun-Min Kang, Xiang-Jun Chen, Ching-Chin Chih, Chen-Ching Hsu, Ping-Hung Chen, Tai fen Lee, Lee-Jene Teng, Po-Ren Hsueh
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2020Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and InfectionAuthor(s): Chien-Yu Lee, Pi-Sheng Wang, Yuan-Der Huang, Yung-Ching Lin, Yung-Nien Hsu, Shih-Chung Chen
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2020Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and InfectionAuthor(s): Chia-Hung Liao, Shih-Chang Hung, Yuan-Ti Lee, Hung-Chang Hung, Po-Ren Hsueh
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 April 2020Source: Statistics &Probability LettersAuthor(s): Junhao Guo, Jie Zhou, Sanfeng Hu
Source: Statistics and Probability Letters - Category: Statistics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2020Source: Statistics &Probability LettersAuthor(s): S. Mousavinasr, C.R. Gonçalves, C.C.Y. Dorea
Source: Statistics and Probability Letters - Category: Statistics Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 May 2020Source: Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, Volume 306Author(s): Chuang Ge, Leixiang Bian, Jiayang Li, Mingyou Zhong, Songtong Han, Yunfei Jia
Source: Sensors and Actuators A: Physical - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2020Source: Results in PhysicsAuthor(s): U.S. Okorie, A.N. Ikot, E.O. Chukwuocha, G.J. Rampho
Source: Results in Physics - Category: Physics Source Type: research
More News: Epidemiology | Women