Diacylglycerol in food industry: Synthesis methods, functionalities, health benefits, potential risks and drawbacks

Conclusion: The use of enzymes which are regioselective and reusable, aids in increasing the DAG yield and purity besides of reducing production cost. DAG has been applied as an emulsifier, crystallization modifier and functional ingredient in various fat-based products which not only exhibited great functionalities but also with great health beneficial properties. Nonetheless, DAG exhibited inferior performance as cooking due to the low oxidative and thermal stability. The exposure to high temperature also potentially cause the formation of glycidyl fatty esters and 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol fatty acid esters. Future research can be performed to address the subjects on the low stability of DAG through synthesizing medium chain or medium-long chain DAG, incorporation of anti-oxidants or by microencapsulation technologies.
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research

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I have been a physician for almost twenty years. The AIDS pandemic has been the greatest public health calamity of my career. Global Health Observatory data estimates that approximately 32 million people have died from HIV-related illnesses since the disease was formally identified in the early 80s. AIDS had already gained a firm foothold in […]Find jobs at  Careers by KevinMD.com.  Search thousands of physician, PA, NP, and CRNA jobs now.  Learn more.
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Conditions COVID-19 coronavirus Infectious Disease Source Type: blogs
This study delves into the mechanisms by which a short period of fasting can accelerate wound healing. Fasting triggers many of the same cellular stress responses, such as upregulated autophagy, as occur during the practice of calorie restriction. It isn't exactly the same, however, so it is always worth asking whether any specific biochemistry observed in either case does in fact occur in both situations. In particular, the period of refeeding following fasting appears to have beneficial effects that are distinct from those that occur while food is restricted. Multiple forms of therapeutic fasting have been repor...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Authors: Mohebali M, Yimam Y, Woreta A Abstract Studies on the prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection in People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) are inconsistent and heterogeneous. Therefore, this systematic review with meta-analysis was performed to assess the burden of the infection relative to the proportion of CD4 + T cell count among PLWHA in Ethiopia. Articles published before 15 May 2019, have been retrieved for this systematic review using five databases; PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar and ProQuest, supplemented by the search for gray literature. The overall pooled prevalence and pool...
Source: Pathogens and Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pathog Glob Health Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to test the value of adding a maximal inspiratory manoeuvre to basic spirometry to differentiate COPD and BA. One hundred forty-three COPD patients and 142 BA patients had measurements of maximal inspiratory and expiratory flow during routine spirometry. Parameters from these tests were used to assess diagnostic accuracy using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analyses followed by logistic regression. The association of two independent parameters were analyzed using linear regression analyses. Results show that forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC%)
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: COPD Source Type: research
Dr Paul Sax gives answers to some of the most commonly asked questions he has received from patients with HIV.Medscape HIV/AIDS
Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: HIV/AIDS Commentary Source Type: news
Authors: Whiteside A, Parker W, Schramm M PMID: 32233915 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: African Journal of AIDS Research - Category: African Health Tags: Afr J AIDS Res Source Type: research
Conclusions: Both intrinsic and extrinsic factors influence walking in adults with CP. Reflections by the adults with CP suggest these features may reduce participation in public spaces and potentially increase acceptance and use of mobility aids. PMID: 32238123 [PubMed - in process]
Source: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being Source Type: research
Authors: Abreu D, Codina B, Toledo J, Suárez A Abstract One of the challenges faced by blind persons to achieve optimal mobility is the detection and avoidance of obstacles located in their travel path. Besides the widely used white cane, alternative or complementary devices have been developed, such as electronic aids that provide feedback about the environment. However, the devices available have been unable to provide an optimal solution with widespread acceptance, motivating the present work. The eBAT (electronic Buzzer for Autonomous Travel) is designed to offer optimal protection and employs the user's...
Source: Assistive Technology - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Assist Technol Source Type: research
Authors: Wilkinson L, Siberry GK, Golin R, Phelps BR, Wolf HT, Modi S, Grimsrud A PMID: 32239657 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
AbstractYouth living with HIV (YLWH; aged 16 –24) are at elevated risk of alcohol and drug use. Studies in older populations have identified patterns or profiles of multiple substance use differentially associated with mental health and anti-retroviral therapy (ART) adherence. No studies of YLWH have yet examined such patterns. A sample of 1 79 YLWH, reporting ART non-adherence and alcohol use, were recruited at five Adolescent Trials Network clinics in urban areas of the US between November 2014 and August 2017. Participants completed the Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) to assess su...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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