Elucidation of New Function in Endothelial Cells for Efficient Delivery Strategy of Drug to Tissues.

[Elucidation of New Function in Endothelial Cells for Efficient Delivery Strategy of Drug to Tissues]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 2020;140(1):51-62 Authors: Sakurai E Abstract The author has described two new functions of endothelial cells for efficient delivery of drugs to tissues. First, it was indicated that tight junction (TJ)-associated protein, claudin-1, exerts potent paracellular barrier function in cultured mouse lung microvascular endothelial cells (LMECs). This barrier was instantly and reversibly opened by reduction of TJ proteins expression via histamine H1 and H2 receptors. Histamine was biosynthesized by l-histidine decarboxylase from uptaken l-histidine, and biotransformed by type B of monoamine oxidase, suggesting that histamine concentration is controlled in rat brain MECs (BMECs) and LMECs. Moreover, uptake of l-histidine into BMECs and LMECs markedly increased with addition of ZnSO4. Second, it was suggested that drug-metabolizing enzymes such as CYP and flavin-containing monooxygenase exist in vascular endothelial cells exposed to blood and to aerobic conditions. These cells have the same ability to metabolize drugs as hepatocytes, demonstrating that vascular endothelial cells are a metabolic barrier against tissue transfer of drugs. From these results, it was suggested that reversible opening of TJ and selective inhibition of drug metabolism in vascular endothelial cells may be efficient delivery strategies of drugs to tissues. Finally, I hop...
Source: Yakugaku Zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Yakugaku Zasshi Source Type: research

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