Down expression of lnc-BMP1-1 decreases that of Caveolin-1 is associated with the lung cancer susceptibility and cigarette smoking history.

Down expression of lnc-BMP1-1 decreases that of Caveolin-1 is associated with the lung cancer susceptibility and cigarette smoking history. Aging (Albany NY). 2020 Jan 04;12: Authors: Ling X, Li Y, Qiu F, Lu X, Yang L, Chen J, Li T, Wu D, Xiong H, Su W, Huang D, Chen J, Yang B, Zhao H, Xie C, Zhou Y, Lu J Abstract Lnc-BMP1-1 is a lncRNA transcribed from SFTPC (surfactant associated protein C), a lung tissue specific gene encoding pulmonary-associated surfactant protein C (SPC) that is solely secreted by alveolar typeⅡ epithelial cells, among which the ones with SFTPC+ might be transformed into lung adenocarcinoma cells. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is a candidate tumor suppressor gene and is vital for coping with oxidative stress induced by cigarette smoke. When comparing lung cancer tissues with their adjacent normal tissues, the expression of lnc-BMP1-1 were decreased, especially in patients with cigarette smoking history (P=0.027), and positively associated with the expression of Cav-1 (P
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research

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In this study we investigate the combined tumorigenic effect of arsenic and BaP co-exposure and the mechanism using both cell culture and mouse models. It was found that arsenic (sodium arsenite, 1.0 µM) and BaP (2.5 µM) co-exposure for 30 weeks synergizes in inducing malignant transformation of immortalized non-tumorigenic human bronchial epithelial cells and cancer stem cell (CSC)-like property to enhance their tumorigenicity. In animal studies, A/J mice were exposed to arsenic in drinking water (sodium arsenite, 20 ppm) starting from gestation day 18. After birth, the dams continuously re...
Source: Environment International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research
In this study, we further examined this process in vivo by using heterozygous PARG knockout mice (PARG+/−). Wild-type and PARG+/− mice were individually treated with 0 or 10 μg/m3 BaP for 90 or 180 days by dynamic inhalation exposure. Pathological analysis of lung tissues showed that, with extended exposure time, carcinogenesis and injury in the lungs of WT mice was progressively worse; however, the injury was minimal and carcinogenesis was not detected in the lungs of PARG+/− mice. These results indicate that PARG gene silencing protects mice against lung cancer induced by BaP inhalation exposure. Fur...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Acetylcholine receptors (AChRs), including nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs), are highly expressed in bronchial epithelial cells. We used The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data set to evaluate the expression pattern and prognostic value of the AChR gene family in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The mined data was validated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). The survival analysis of TCGA data set showed that only CHRNA7 in the AChR gene family affected prognosis in both lung adenocarcinoma and lung squamous...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Mark E. Gray1,2*, James Meehan2,3, Paul Sullivan4, Jamie R. K. Marland4, Stephen N. Greenhalgh1, Rachael Gregson1, Richard Eddie Clutton1, Carol Ward2, Chris Cousens5, David J. Griffiths5, Alan Murray4 and David Argyle1 1The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 2Cancer Research UK Edinburgh Centre and Division of Pathology Laboratories, Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 3School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Institute of Sensors, Signals and Systems, Heriot-Watt Univer...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Markus Hartl* and Rainer Schneider Center of Molecular Biosciences (CMBI), Institute of Biochemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria The neuronal proteins GAP43 (neuromodulin), MARCKS, and BASP1 are highly expressed in the growth cones of nerve cells where they are involved in signal transmission and cytoskeleton organization. Although their primary structures are unrelated, these signaling proteins share several structural properties like fatty acid modification, and the presence of cationic effector domains. GAP43, MARCKS, and BASP1 bind to cell membrane phospholipids, a process reversibly regulate...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Blockage of TGF-α Induced by Spherical Silica Nanoparticles Inhibits Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition and Proliferation of Human Lung Epithelial Cells. Biomed Res Int. 2019;2019:8231267 Authors: Li Y, Li H, Duan Y, Cai X, You D, Zhou F, Yang C, Tuo X, Liu Z Abstract Background. Xuanwei City in Yunnan province has been one of the towns with highest lung cancer mortality in China. The high content of amorphous silica in the bituminous coal from Xuanwei of Yunnan is mainly present as irregular and spherical silica nanoparticles (SiNPs). It has been reported that silica nanoparticles in bituminous ...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Background: Despite advances of the lung cancer diagnosis in the last decades, it continues to be the leading cause of death due to neoplasia in the world.Aim: To select and characterize specific peptides to lung cancer cells since new biomarkers can improve the rapid screening and early diagnosis of lung cancer, allowing a medical intervention in an effective way.Methods: The present study describes a subtractive selection through phage display technology from 3D cell lines. Briefly, BEAS-2B (human bronchial epithelial) and A549 (human lung adenocarcinoma) cell lines were 3D cultured by the magnetic levitation method. For...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung Cancer Source Type: research
Conclusion The classification system for NSCLC proposed by our research group is convenient for pathological diagnosis and valuable in clinical application. 
 DOI: 10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2018.07.05
Source: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Engelberg S, Modrejewski J, Walter JG, Livney YD, Assaraf YG Abstract Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide, resulting in 88% deaths of all diagnosed patients. Hence, novel therapeutic modalities are urgently needed. Single-stranded oligonucleotide-based aptamers (APTs) are excellent ligands for tumor cell targeting. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying their internalization into living cells have been poorly studied. Towards the application of APTs for active drug targeting to cancer cells, we herein studied the mechanism underlying S15-APT internalization into human non-s...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that the MID1-PP2A complex plays an important role in lung adenocarcinoma, influencing cell cycle progression, proliferation and apoptosis. Our findings showed a novel molecular mechanism of lung tumorigenesis that may provide new insights for anti-tumor therapies. PMID: 29450633 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Cancer Res Clin Oncol Source Type: research
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