What parents need to know about a vegan diet

A vegan diet is made up of only plant-based products — no meat, fish, dairy, or eggs (some people also exclude honey). While these diets are still relatively rare, they are becoming more common. Some families or teens choose them for health reasons, and it’s certainly true that plant-based diets are low in saturated fat and can have other health benefits. Some choose them for philosophical reasons — either sustainability, or not wanting to harm animals, or both. Whatever the reason, it’s important to get educated before you begin. You should talk to your doctor, and if possible it’s a good idea to also meet with a nutritionist. Because while vegan diets can absolutely be healthy, there are some nutritional and other issues that can cause trouble if you aren’t careful. Calories and protein for children eating a vegan diet Two issues you should learn about and plan for are: Calories. Plant-based foods tend to have fewer calories than animal-based ones. This is not a bad thing, given the current obesity epidemic in the US, but it’s important to be sure that children and teens get enough calories to grow and support daily activity. The number of calories a child needs will depend on their age, size, and activity level. Nuts, nut butters, and soy products can help add calories, as can granola and other whole-grain products. Protein. Protein is crucial, not just for building muscle but for all sorts of body processes. This is another nutrie...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Adolescent health Children's Health Nutrition Parenting Source Type: blogs

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Authors: Arab JP, Dirchwolf M, Álvares-da-Silva MR, Barrera F, Benítez C, Castellanos-Fernandez M, Castro-Narro G, Chavez-Tapia N, Chiodi D, Cotrim H, Cusi K, de Oliveira CPMS, Díaz J, Fassio E, Gerona S, Girala M, Hernandez N, Marciano S, Masson W, Mendez-Sanchez N, Leite N, Lozano A, Padilla M, Panduro A, Paraná R, Parise E, Perez M, Poniachik J, Restrepo JC, Ruf A, Silva M, Tagle M, Tapias M, Torres K, Vilar-Gomez E, Costa Gil JE, Gadano A, Arrese M Abstract Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) currently represents an epidemic worldwide. NAFLD is the most frequently diagnosed chr...
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
ConclusionCritical care patients with COVID-19 were disproportionately non-white, from more deprived areas and more likely to be male and obese. Conventional severity scoring appeared not to adequately reflect their acute severity, with the distribution across PaO2/FiO2 ratio categories indicating acutely severe respiratory disease. Critical care patients with COVID-19 experience high mortality and place a great burden on critical care services.
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to determine the association between child delivery method and gut microbiota profiles in healthy Mexican newborns. Fecal samples of 57 term infants who participated in a randomized clinical trial in 2013 to study the safety of Agave fructans in newborns, were used in this study. DNA samples were extracted and used to characterize the microbiota composition using high-throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The samples were further divided based on childbirth delivery method, as well as early diet. Gut microbiota profiles were determined and analyzed using cluster analysis followed by multiple ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
As the obesity epidemic worsens, the prevalence of fatty liver disease increases. Currently, minimal data exist on the impact of fatty livers on hepatectomy outcomes. Therefore, the aim of this analysis was to measure the outcomes of patients undergoing hepatectomy with fatty compared with normal livers.
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Hepatobiliary and pancreas Source Type: research
With a growing obesity epidemic, an increasing number of patients are seeking body contouring procedures (BCP). The aim of this study was to assess the association of morbid obesity (BMI>40 kg/m2) with both clinical and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) outcomes following post-bariatric BCP.
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Bariatric and Foregut Source Type: research
Obesity is a growing epidemic. Patients who are actively counseled about nutrition are more likely to achieve and maintain weight loss. Many physicians feel unprepared to address obesity due to lack of training. We hypothesize that teaching residents through a brief video on nutrition will empower the next generation of physicians to reduce the clinical burden of obesity.
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Bariatric and Foregut Source Type: research
This article seeks to highlight the evolution and the possible contribution of risk factors for COVID-19 severity according to the available data in Mozambique. The available data highlight that COVID-19 severity can be magnified mainly by hypertension, obesity, cancer, asthma, HIV/SIDA and malnutrition conditions, and buffered by age (youthful population). Due to COVID-19 epidemic evolution, particularly in Cabo Delgado, there is the need to increase laboratory diagnosis capacity and monitor compliance of preventive measures. Particular attention should be given to Cabo Delgado, including its isolation from other province...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a public health epidemic that is projected to double over the next two decades. Despite the high prevalence of HFpEF, there are currently no FDA approved therapies for health-related outcomes in this clinical syndrome making it one the greatest unmet needs in cardiovascular medicine. Aging and obesity are hallmarks of HFpEF and therefore there is a high incidence of sarcopenic obesity (SO) associated with this syndrome. The presence of SO in HFpEF patients is noteworthy as it is associated with co-morbidities, worsened cardiovascular health, hospitalizations, qualit...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Worldwide, the epidemiological and demographic transitions have resulted in nutrition shift characterized by an increased consumption of high energy fast food products. In just over 3 decades, overweight and o...
Source: BMC Endocrine Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Abstract Obesity is associated with hypercholesterolemia and is a global epidemic. Epidemiological and animal studies revealed cholesterol is an essential regulator of estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer progression while inhibition of cholesterol accumulation was found to prevent breast tumor growth. Individually, vitamin D and LXR agonist T0901317 showed anticancer properties. The present study investigated the effects of vitamin D3 (VD3, calcitriol), LXR agonist (T0901317) and a combination of VD3 + T0901317 on cholesterol metabolism and cancer progression in ER+ breast cancer (MCF-7) c...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
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