What parents need to know about a vegan diet

A vegan diet is made up of only plant-based products — no meat, fish, dairy, or eggs (some people also exclude honey). While these diets are still relatively rare, they are becoming more common. Some families or teens choose them for health reasons, and it’s certainly true that plant-based diets are low in saturated fat and can have other health benefits. Some choose them for philosophical reasons — either sustainability, or not wanting to harm animals, or both. Whatever the reason, it’s important to get educated before you begin. You should talk to your doctor, and if possible it’s a good idea to also meet with a nutritionist. Because while vegan diets can absolutely be healthy, there are some nutritional and other issues that can cause trouble if you aren’t careful. Calories and protein for children eating a vegan diet Two issues you should learn about and plan for are: Calories. Plant-based foods tend to have fewer calories than animal-based ones. This is not a bad thing, given the current obesity epidemic in the US, but it’s important to be sure that children and teens get enough calories to grow and support daily activity. The number of calories a child needs will depend on their age, size, and activity level. Nuts, nut butters, and soy products can help add calories, as can granola and other whole-grain products. Protein. Protein is crucial, not just for building muscle but for all sorts of body processes. This is another nutrie...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Adolescent health Children's Health Nutrition Parenting Source Type: blogs

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Mexican Deputy Hugo Lopez-Gatell said on Saturday that decades of poor eating habits in the country have created an epidemic of obesity, diabetes and other related health complications that make its people more vulnerable to the novel coronavirus.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
(Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health) Public health scientists predict that school closures due to the COVID-19 pandemic will exacerbate the epidemic of childhood obesity in the United States. Andrew Rundle, DrPH, associate professor of epidemiology at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, and colleagues expect that COVID-19-related school closures will double out?of?school time this year for many children in the US and will exacerbate risk factors for weight gain associated with summer recess.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Authors: Ness RB Abstract The last century of innovative public health discoveries has led most of the world's population to lead longer, healthier lives. Yet, the future holds some of the greatest public health challenges in mankind's history. Global disparities in health; medication safety; climate change; epidemics of obesity and diabetes; an aging world demographic; and emerging infections all represent problems requiring scientific solutions. The solutions to these problems, like the solutions to those in the last century that contributed so greatly to our quality of life, will require paradigm-shifting innova...
Source: Public Health Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research
The objectives of this review are to present the current knowledge on and potential mechanisms underlying the host-microbiota dialogue for a better understanding of the contribution of microbial communities to the regulation of cholesterol homeostasis.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study is the first large scale study to evaluate the prevalence of obesity in pediatric HT recipients and its effects on cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) and graft survival.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: (187) Source Type: research
Abstract The worldwide obesity epidemic has led to an increase in the number of bariatric procedures for treatment. Currently, the most commonly performed bariatric surgical operation in the United States is the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is exceptionally high following the LSG: as much as 65%. Anesthesia providers should be mindful of this elevated risk and stay up to date on evidence-based techniques that help to mitigate the incidence of PONV related to this specific procedure. The purposes of this clinical review are to increase provider awarenes...
Source: AANA Journal - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: AANA J Source Type: research
The opioid epidemic has had far reaching consequences for bariatric surgeons. We have had an awakening and have collectively realized that our sub-specialty has to do a better job at protecting our patients from this destructive addiction process. In a study of nine hospital systems in the US, 4.0% of patients who were not chronic opioid users prior to bariatric surgery converted to chronic use after surgery.1 Another similar study indicated that 77% of bariatric surgical patients who were on chronic pain medicines prior to surgery, not only remained on opioid therapy post surgically , but collectively increased their over...
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Scuiller A, Pascart T, Bernard A, Oehler E Abstract Gout is a chronic disease due to the deposition of monosodium urate microcrystals in joints and tissues. Its incidence and prevalence are increasing worldwide in close relation with the epidemic of obesity and metabolic syndrome. Gout is related to chronic hyperuricemia that should be treated to ensure the reduction or even the disappearance of acute attacks ("gout flares") and to reduce the size and number of tophi. If arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint is the most typical form, other joints may be affected, including the spine. D...
Source: Revue de Medecine Interne - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Rev Med Interne Source Type: research
Medicaid block grants would be particularly harmful today, as the COVID-19 pandemic and opioid epidemic increase the need for affordable health care for lower-income people.
Source: RWJF - Obesity and Childhood Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Health Care Quality and Value Health Care Coverage and Access National Source Type: news
The global epidemic of loneliness and social isolation has health consequences that rival those of smoking and obesity. Older adults are at particularly high risk for loneliness, due to age-related declines in functioning and reduction in social networks. There is a need to further understand the effects of loneliness on cognitive, mental, and physical health in older adults; identify the underlying neural and behavioral mechanisms of social isolation; and develop interventions targeting deficits in these mechanisms.
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Session 312 Source Type: research
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