A Fine Balance: Report Aims to Curb Opioid Epidemic, Manage Pain A Fine Balance: Report Aims to Curb Opioid Epidemic, Manage Pain

A new consensus report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine aims to address the US epidemic of opioid misuse and overdose while ensuring effective pain management.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

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New largescale study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine found overprescription of opioids by dentists common, particularly to patients at high risk for substance abuse, and that almost 1/3 of patients received more powerful drugs than neededElsevierIMAGE: In this cross-sectional analysis of 542,958 dental visits by adult patients, between 1 in 4 and 1 in 2 opioid prescriptions exceeded the recommended morphine equivalents and days'supply for...viewmore Credit: Michelle S. Woods Ann Arbor, February 4, 2020 - Dentists are among top prescribers of opioids in the US, however, whether their opioid prescrib...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - Category: Dentistry Source Type: news
AbstractThe United States is in the midst of an opioid overdose epidemic, with a significant portion of the burden associated with prescription opioids. In response, the CDC released aGuideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain, which promotes access to treatment for opioid use disorder. Decades of research have linked childhood adversity to negative health and risk behavior outcomes, including substance misuse. Our present study builds upon this work to examine the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and prescription opioid misuse. We compiled data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance ...
Source: The Journal of Primary Prevention - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
The United States continues to face a public heatlh crisis of epic proportion, with over 500,000 deaths from opioid overdoses since 2000. Medications for opioid use disorder, like buprenorphine, offer patients an effective approach to cessation. Unfortunately many barriers to use of medications for opioid use disorder exist, including insufficient number of programs offering medications for opioid use disorder, inadequate number of addiction specialists to provide these medications, and stigma surrouding patients with opioid use disorders and the medications used to treat them.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsDental-related pain is often managed by nondental health care professionals in an ED or urgent care setting. An EHR alert may help quickly identify high-risk patients; however, the impact of alerts on prescribing patterns needs further evaluation. The decision regarding the type and quantity of medication to prescribe is complicated by lack of patient access to definitive dental treatment and lack of dental-specific training of prescribers. The limitations of this study include selective inclusion of encounters with specific ICD-9/ICD-10 codes, data limited to objectively searchable criteria, data collection for...
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusion: Safer prescribing policies may take multiple years to fully implement and need to be employed across the jurisdiction to minimize doctor-shopping and adverse effects on patients with chronic pain. Approaching pain management through the social-ecological model can address potential root causes of addiction and establish a framework for doctors to provide compassionate care, community leadership, and advocacy for these patients. PMID: 31790125 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
OBJECTIVES: Dramatic increases in opioid and drug overdose mortality have occurred in the United States (US) over the past two decades. To address this national public health crisis and identify gaps in the literature, we analyzed recent empirical trends i...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: These findings have significant opioid policy and practice implications related to the need for cancer-specific prescribing guidelines, how to optimally allocate health delivery services, and the urgent need to improve data interoperability and access related to POMs. PMID: 31682546 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: JOP - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: J Oncol Pract Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Jack E. Henningfield, Judy B. Ashworth, Karen K. Gerlach, Bernie Simone, Sidney H. SchnollAbstractPain and addiction are complex disorders with many commonalities. Beneficial outcomes for both disorders can be achieved through similar principles such as individualized medication selection and dosing, comprehensive multi-modal therapies, and judicious modification of treatment as indicated by the patient's status. This is implicit in the term “medication assisted treatment” (MAT) for opioid use disorders (OUD), and is equally...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Opioid analgesic misuse and abuse has given rise to an epidemic that has added to an increase in opioid-related overdoses and deaths. Adults with persistent noncancer pain (PNCP) are primarily treated with opioid analgesics. Many remain on these medications long term. Most of these patients are unaware of other effective measures for managing PNCP, such as nonpharmacologic modalities (NPMs). This lack of familiarity with NPMs presents a key contributor to the problem of NPM underuse among adult PNCP patients.
Source: Pain Management Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Abstract The current opioid crisis has raised awareness of the risks of misuse, addiction, and overdose with opioid prescribing for pain management in the perioperative and nonoperative care of surgical patients. Despite these risks, it is essential for surgical providers to provide safe and adequate functional pain control to enhance recovery. The purpose of this review is to outline the relevance of the US opioid crisis to surgical prescribing, describe strategies for opioid reduction using a stepwise therapy approach, and provide recommendations for improving the safety of opioid prescribing. Additional recomme...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Surg Clin North Am Source Type: research
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