Cardiovascular peculiarity of children with chronic kidney disease

ConclusionIn addition to classical and predictable abnormalities related to the the uremic condition such as myocardial hypertrophy, we found a high prevalence of dilatation of the ascending aorta. Some associated factors are highlighted.
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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This article discusses mechanisms of AGE formation and reviews published literature on SAF as a biomarker and risk factor across the spectrum of kidney disease. Recent findings SAF is elevated in adults and children on dialysis. Higher SAF is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in persons receiving haemodialysis and for all-cause mortality in persons performing peritoneal dialysis, though the increase in discrimination when SAF was added to traditional risk factors was modest. In less advanced chronic kidney disease, higher SAF predicts all-cause mortality and progression. SAF is elevat...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: DIAGNOSTICS AND TECHNIQUES: Edited by Maarten W. Taal Source Type: research
The objective of this review is to show an overview to know the main UT produced in end-stage renal disease patients, and how prebiotics and probiotics intervention acts as a helpful tool in CKD treatment.
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2018Source: Value in Health Regional Issues, Volume 17Author(s): Ramiro E. Gilardino, Eduardo González-Pier, Claudia BrabataAbstractEnd-stage renal disease, the last and most severe stage of chronic kidney disease, represents a major and rising concern for countries in Latin America, driven in large part by aging populations and the near-epidemic rises in diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. This places a great clinical, economic, and social burden on the region’s health systems. During the ISPOR 6th Latin America Conference held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in September 2017, an educationa...
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Purpose of review Although historically peritoneal dialysis was widely used in nephrology, it has been underutilized in recent years. In this review, we present several key opportunities and strategies for revitalization of urgent start peritoneal dialysis use, and discuss the recent literature on clinical experience with peritoneal dialysis use in the acute and unplanned setting. Recent findings Interest in using urgent start peritoneal dialysis to manage acute kidney injury (AKI) and unplanned chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5 patients has been increasing. To overcome some of the classic limitations of peritoneal...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: DIALYSIS AND TRANSPLANTATION: Edited by J. Kevin Tucker and Anil Chandraker Source Type: research
Victorine B Nzana, Anusha Rohit, Deepu George, Madhusudan Vijayan, Milly Mathew, Sundar Sankaran, Palaniappan Nagarajan, Georgi AbrahamIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2018 36(2):282-284A 51-year-old female, with non-alcoholic liver cirrhosis, portal hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease with a clipped cerebral aneurysm and chronic kidney disease stage 5 was on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) for 6.5 years elsewhere. She came for opinion on continuation of CAPD as she had 21 episodes of peritonitis in 76 months. Her blood pressure was 80/50 mmHg. She was...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Io H, Suzuki Y Abstract BACKGROUND: Currently, left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and dysfunction are considered the strongest predictors of cardiovascular mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We investigated the factors associated with elevated LV mass index (LVMI) using echocardiography and assessed the strategies used to treat CKD (stages 1-5D) patients. SUMMARY: In study 1, we prospectively determined correlations among biochemical values, physical specimens, and LVMI using echocardiography in hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients (stage 5D). In study 2, biochemical ...
Source: Contributions to Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Contrib Nephrol Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2018 Source:Value in Health Regional Issues, Volume 17 Author(s): Ramiro E. Gilardino, Eduardo González-Pier, Claudia Brabata End-stage renal disease, the last and most severe stage of chronic kidney disease, represents a major and rising concern for countries in Latin America, driven in large part by aging populations and the near-epidemic rises in diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. This places a great clinical, economic, and social burden on the region’s health systems. During the ISPOR 6th Latin America Conference held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in September 2017, an educational for...
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusions Significant weight loss began relatively early during the course of CKD and was associated with a substantially higher risk for death after dialysis therapy initiation. Further studies are needed to determine whether interventions to optimize weight and nutritional status before the initiation of dialysis therapy will improve outcomes after end-stage renal disease.
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) have a 2.6-fold greater risk of incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). The primary goal of this study was to assess the prevalence of MetS in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who are on hemodialysis (HD) and the impact of MetS presence on HD-related outcomes. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in the Dialysis Center, King Abdulaziz Specialist Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia. It was conducted among ESRD patients that attended the Dialysis Center between August 2013 and September 2016. We excluded patients on peritoneal dialysis and those
Source: Clin Med Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: J Clin Med Res Source Type: research
Abstract The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) is high in the elderly, who comprise an ever-growing segment of the population. Elderly patients pose a different set of diagnostic and therapeutic challenge owing to their associated comorbidities. AKI in the elderly is associated with an increased risk of mortality, morbidity, prolonged length of stay, and progression to chronic kidney disease. Data regarding the clinical profile of AKI in the elderly from the South Indian population are limited. Hence, we present this analysis of the etiological and prognostic factors associated with AKI in elderly population ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
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