Using High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin for the Exclusion of Inducible Myocardial Ischemia in Symptomatic Patients: A Cohort Study.

Conclusion: In symptomatic patients with CAD, very low hs-cTn concentrations, including hs-cTnI concentrations less than 2.5 ng/L, do not generally allow users to safely exclude inducible myocardial ischemia. Primary Funding Source: European Union, Swiss National Science Foundation, Kommission für Technologie und Innovation (Innosuisse), Swiss Heart Foundation, Cardiovascular Research Foundation Basel, University of Basel, University Hospital Basel, Roche, Abbott, and Singulex. PMID: 31905377 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research

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AbstractMyocardial ischemia is caused by a mismatch between myocardial oxygen consumption and oxygen delivery in coronary artery disease (CAD). Stratification and decision-making based on ischemia improves the prognosis in patients with CAD. Non-invasive tests used to evaluate myocardial ischemia include stress electrocardiography, echocardiography, single-photon emission computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Invasive fractional flow reserve is considered the reference standard for assessment of the hemodynamic significance of CAD. Computed tomography (CT) angiography has emerged as a first-line imaging moda...
Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract Background: Functional assessment to rule out myocardial ischemia using coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is extremely important and data on the Brazilian population are still limited. Objective: To assess the diagnostic performance of myocardial perfusion by CCTA in the detection of severe obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) compared with single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT). To analyze the importance of anatomical knowledge to understand the presence of myocardial perfusion defects on SPECT imaging that is not identified on computed tomography (CT) scan. Method: A total of 3...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract Background: Functional assessment to rule out myocardial ischemia using coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is extremely important and data on the Brazilian population are still limited. Objective: To assess the diagnostic performance of myocardial perfusion by CCTA in the detection of severe obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) compared with single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT). To analyze the importance of anatomical knowledge to understand the presence of myocardial perfusion defects on SPECT imaging that is not identified on computed tomography (CT) scan. Method: A total of 3...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Relative myocardial perfusion imaging can misdiagnose "balanced" ischemia caused by coronary artery disease (CAD). We assessed the feasibility of myocardial blood flow (MBF) and myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR) using dynamic single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with a cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) camera for estimating underlying CAD in patients with normal stress myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS). METHODS: 125 patients with normal stress MPS (summed stress score ≤3) were enrolled. All patients underwent coronary angiography (CAG) and stress/rest 201Tl dynamic S...
Source: Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: J Cardiol Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated and compared the level of myocardial ischaemia caused by cardiac syndrome X (CSX) and coronary slow flow (CSF) with single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI), and determined if changes in the level of myocardial ischaemia exist in CSF and CSX cases according to thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame count (TFC). Materials and methods The study population consisted of 66 patients with CSF and 78 angiographically normal patients (36 of them with CSX and 42 of them healthy controls). The coronary flow rates of all patients were documented using TFC....
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions The present results revealed no significant differences in the change in rCBF in the low-perfusion area between the patients whose recipient arteries were selected by SPECT or visual assessment. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this article is to review the imaging findings and current imaging techniques of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) and chronic thromboembolic disease. Special considerations are also discussed, including pregnancy, congenital heart disease, lower extremity computed tomography (CT), and the isolated subsegmental PE.Recent FindingsCT pulmonary angiography and planar ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) lung scintigraphy are the primary means of evaluating pulmonary embolic disease. Magnetic resonance angiography avoids ionizing radiation and iodinated contrast in select patients. V/Q SPECT/CT provi...
Source: Current Respiratory Care Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ÖY, Uslu A, Kaymaz C, Özdemir N Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the validity of automated quantitative and semiquantitative visual analysis of total perfusion deficit (TPD) using the IQ SPECT gamma camera system compared to conventional coronary angiographically detected significant coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The study included patients with suspected CAD who underwent myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography and conventional coronary angiography. The summed stress score (SSS), summed rest score (SRS), and summed difference score (SDS) (sem...
Source: Turk Kardiyoloji Dernegi arsivi - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars Source Type: research
To investigate the value of myocardial computed tomography (CT) perfusion imaging (CTP) and atherosclerotic plaque characteristics (APCs) identified on coronary CT angiography (CCTA) for the detection of myocardial ischaemia by using single-photon-emission CT (SPECT) as a reference.
Source: Clinical Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of TID and EF reserve for the detection of significant multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 206 patients with suspected stable CAD prospectively underwent gated stress-rest 99mTc-tetrofosmin SPECT and invasive coronary angiography with routine fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurements, irrespective of imaging results. Left ventricular volumes, TID, and EF reserve were assessed and compared with FFR-defined severity of CAD. According to FFR, 92 (45%) patients had significant CAD, whereas 25 (12%) showed 2-vessel disease (VD) and 22 (11%) showed 3-VD. With a...
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: TECHNICAL NOTE Source Type: research
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