Sudan: 'Sudan Free of Dengue, Chikungunya' - Minister

[Radio Dabanga] Sudan -Sudan's Ministry of Health has declared that the country is free of dengue and Chikungunya for the first time since August 2019. The International Epidemiological Office of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) has declared that livestock is also free of epidemic diseases in Sudan.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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da HR Abstract The Northeast of Brazil has experienced a triple epidemic, with the simultaneous circulation of dengue virus (DENV), chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and Zika virus (ZIKV), which may have contributed to the observed increase across this region of atypical forms of disease and deaths. In view of this fact, non-congenital neurological disorders related to arboviruses were compared with other etiologies, mortality and survival rates of patients admitted to referral neurology hospitals in Pernambuco State, Northeast Brazil, from 2015 to 2018. Blood and cerebrospinal fluid samples were collected and tested usin...
Source: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de Sao Paulo - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo Source Type: research
Current urban vector control strategies have failed to contain dengue epidemics and to prevent the global expansion of Aedes-borne viruses (ABVs: dengue, chikungunya, Zika). Part of the challenge in sustaining ef...
Source: Trials - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundCurrent urban vector control strategies have failed to contain dengue epidemics and to prevent the global expansion ofAedes-borne viruses (ABVs: dengue, chikungunya, Zika). Part of the challenge in sustaining effective ABV control emerges from the paucity of evidence regarding the epidemiological impact of anyAedes control method. A strategy for which there is limited epidemiological evidence is targeted indoor residual spraying (TIRS). TIRS is a modification of classic malaria indoor residual spraying that accounts forAedes aegypti resting behavior by applying residual insecticides on exposed lower sections of walls (
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
by Tyler M. Sharp, Talia M. Quandelacy, Laura E. Adams, Jomil Torres Aponte, Matthew J. Lozier, Kyle Ryff, Mitchelle Flores, Aidsa Rivera, Gilberto A. Santiago, Jorge L. Mu ñoz-Jordán, Luisa I. Alvarado, Vanessa Rivera-Amill, Myriam Garcia-Negrón, Stephen H. Waterman, Gabriela Paz-Bailey, Michael A. Johansson, Brenda Rivera-Garcia BackgroundAfter Zika virus (ZIKV) emerged in the Americas, laboratory-based surveillance for arboviral diseases in Puerto Rico was adapted to include ZIKV disease. Methods and findingsSuspected cases of arboviral disease reported to Puerto Rico Department of Health were teste...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
This study assessed the effects of pyriproxyfen on reproductive performance, embryo-fetal development, head measurements, and DNA integrity in a preclinical model. Thirty pregnant mice were divided into three groups (n = 10): control (drinking water-0.1 ml/10 g (body weight-b.w., gavage) and treated with pyriproxyfen 0.0002 mg/kg and 0.0021 mg/kg (b.w., gavage) during the gestational period. Analysis of biometric, reproductive performance and embryo-fetal development parameters related to control presented no significant differences, suggesting no maternal or embryo-fetal toxicity. Head me...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research
Abstract Several major epidemics of Zika fever, caused by the ZIKA virus (ZIKV), have emerged in Brazil since early 2015, eventually spreading to other countries on the South American continent. The present study describes the clinical manifestations and laboratory findings of patients with confirmed acute ZIKV infection during the first epidemic that occurred in Salvador, Brazil. All included patients were seen at the emergency room of a private tertiary hospital located in Salvador, Brazil from 2015 through 2017. Patients were considered eligible if signs of systemic viral febrile disease were present. All indiv...
Source: Braz J Infect Dis - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Braz J Infect Dis Source Type: research
imal Ruth Müller The risk of increasing dengue (DEN) and chikungunya (CHIK) epidemics impacts 240 million people, health systems, and the economy in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. The aim of this systematic review is to monitor trends in the distribution and spread of DEN/CHIK over time and geographically for future reliable vector and disease control in the HKH region. We conducted a systematic review of the literature on the spatiotemporal distribution of DEN/CHIK in HKH published up to 23 January 2020, following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. In...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
In the last decades, a number of infectious viruses have emerged from wildlife or re-emerged, generating serious threats to the global health and to the economy worldwide. Ebola and Marburg hemorrhagic fevers, Lassa fever, Dengue fever, Yellow fever, West Nile fever, Zika, and Chikungunya vector-borne diseases, Swine flu, Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and the recent Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are examples of zoonoses that have spread throughout the globe with such a significant impact on public health that the scientific community has been called for a rapid int...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Padmamalini Mahendradas, Ankush Kawali, Saurabh Luthra, Sanjay Srinivasan, Andre L Curi, Shrey Maheswari, Imen Ksiaa, Moncef KhairallahIndian Journal of Ophthalmology 2020 68(9):1775-1786 Post-fever retinitis (PFR) is an infectious or para-infectious uveitic entity caused by bacterial or viral agents and seen mainly in tropical countries. Systemic symptoms such as joint pain, skin rash are common during the febrile stage. On the basis of only clinical presentation, it is difficult to pin-point the exact etiology for PFR. Serological investigations, polymerase chain reaction, and knowledge of concurrent epidemics in the co...
Source: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Inverse correlation between dengue and ER should be further studied for causation, which we believe may prove dengue as least common cause. Reporting of rickettsial outbreaks should be enhanced by undertaking statewide awareness and procurement of gold standard tests.
Source: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Source Type: research
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