A New Strategy for Cervical Cancer Prevention Among Chinese Women: How Much Do They Know and How Do They React Toward the HPV Immunization?

AbstractIn 2017, HPV vaccines were first marketed in China. We carried out an investigation among parents of high school students to assess parents ’ knowledge of cervical cancer and human papillomavirus (HPV)/HPV vaccines, along with their acceptance of HPV vaccination and the factors that influence it, all of which are essential for targeted education regarding HPV vaccination. A cross-sectional study was conducted among parents of high sch ool students in East China using a pretested questionnaire. Data regarding knowledge of cervical cancer, HPV, HPV vaccines, and acceptance of the vaccines were collected and analyzed. In total, 1,200 questionnaires were distributed, with 1,125 valid responses. Overall, 87.5% of respondents knew that cervical cancer is one of the most common genital system cancers; 78.67% knew that HPV causes cervical cancer; 69.2% knew that HPV is primarily transmitted through sex; 54.3% knew that HPV vaccines exist; and 35.6% knew the optimal age for HPV vaccination. Only 4.4% had vaccinated their daughters f or HPV, and 35.4% were willing to do so. Reasons for refusal primarily concerned the vaccines’ safety (77.4%) and efficacy (61.5%). Multivariate analyses showed that parents who had obtained pneumococcal conjugate vaccines for their daughters showed higher acceptance of HPV vaccines, as well as hi gher knowledge of cervical cancer, the association of HPV and cervical cancer, and the main transmission route of HPV. Although parents&rsquo...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS Frequency of human papillomavirus is high in the three Cuban provinces studied, with greater frequency of genotype 16 and other oncogenic high-risk types. For both agents, infection is more frequent in young women and adolescents. Positive Pap tests are fre-quently associated with HPV infection. Prevalence fi ndings from this study could be used as a baseline for future research or interventions. KEYWORDS Human papillomavirus, genotypes, Chlamydia tracho-matis, neoplasms, sexually transmitted diseases, cervix Uteri, infec-tion, real-time polymerase chain reaction, women, Cuba. PMID: 32327618 [PubMed - in process]
Source: MEDICC Review - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: MEDICC Rev Source Type: research
AbstractWe assessed the association of state legislation with  adolescent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates in states that legislated information dissemination or administration of HPV vaccination. Using insurance claims, we calculated monthly HPV vaccination rates (November 2009–December 2017) among adolescents in states that passed HPV vaccinat ion legislation during that period: Missouri (July 2010), Kentucky (February 2012), Indiana (March 2013), Oregon (June 2013). We used segmented regression to estimate levels and trends of HPV vaccination rates, comparing pre-legislation to post-legislation se...
Source: Journal of Community Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractStudies have assessed early population-level impact of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programs for preventing cervical cancer. Through a case study in Hong Kong we examined stakeholder engagement and interactions to promote a universal HPV vaccination program using the Health Policy Triangle framework for structured health policy analysis. Using data from a document review and semi-structured in-depth interviews, we used thematic and stakeholder analyses to describe the process of policy formation. Given Hong Kong ’s political and health system, and a mix of Chinese and Western values, stakeholders ju...
Source: Journal of Public Health Policy - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
First introduced in 2006, the multi-dose human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine can prevent most cervical and anal cancers among children and young adults exposed to the virus. It can also prevent the majority of both HPV-driven oral and penile cancers.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
New evidence published in the Cochrane Library today provides further information on the benefits and harms of different human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines and vaccine schedules in young women and men.HPV is the most common viral infection of the reproductive tract in both women and men globally (WHO 2017). Most people who have sexual contact will be exposed to HPV at some point in their life. In most people, their own immune system will clear the HPV infection.HPV infection can sometimes persist if the immune system does not clear the virus. Persistent infection with some ‘high-risk’ strains of HPV can lead t...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news
This study firstly determined the knowledge of risk factors and prevention of cervical cancer. Secondly, it checked an association between mothers’ screening practice and student’s knowledge. A descriptive, cross sectional study was conducted among 253 pairs of high school students and their mothers. Knowledge on cervical cancer was significantly lower among students and mothers. While cancer screening tests, maintenance of hygiene were considered as major preventive measures for cervical cancer, human papilloma vaccine was the least considered preventive measure. Students who were female, attended disc...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Did you know that a viral infection can lead to a number of different types of cancer? If that comes as a surprise to you, you’re not alone. In fact, according to a new study, many people have no idea that a common viral infection called human papilloma virus (HPV) can cause cancer of the genitals, anus, mouth, and throat, as well as cervical cancer. Viral infections and cancer The connection between certain viral infections and cancer has been recognized for many years. Some of the most well-established examples include hepatitis C, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and human papillomavirus (HPV). One thing these ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Adolescent health Cancer Infectious diseases Men's Health Sexual Conditions Vaccines Women's Health Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: It is important to consider a program which will provide accurate information about the HPV vaccination to the community, especially adolescents. Financial management, such as insurance or vaccination savings schemes, may be one way to overcome the problem of the HPV vaccination's cost. PMID: 31653141 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Introducing a two-dose bi-valent HPV vaccination program is cost-effective in Bangladesh at Gavi negotiated prices. Vaccine price is the dominating parameter for the cost-effectiveness of bivalent and quadrivalent vaccines. Both vaccines are not cost-effective at listed prices in Bangladesh. The evaluation highlights that introducing the two-dose bivalent HPV vaccine at Gavi negotiated prices into a national immunization program in Bangladesh is economically viable to reduce the burden of cervical cancer. PMID: 31668820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Most of the mothers were willing to vaccinate their daughters with HPV vaccine, but they lack awareness and the financial resources for the access. There is an urgent need for vigorous enlightenment campaigns on HPV vaccine and cervical cancer screening. Adding HPV vaccine in the routine immunization program will improve universal access and address financial concerns.
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - Category: Rural Health Authors: Source Type: research
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