Local knowledge and exploitation of the avian fauna by a rural community in the semi-arid zone of northeastern Brazil

Conclusion: The evidence collected on the criteria applied by local specialists for the exploitation of the bird fauna permitted the identification of the species that suffer hunting pressure, providing guidelines for the development of conservation and management strategies that will guarantee the long-term survival of the populations of these bird species in the region.
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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Concomitant influenza and cryptococcal infections are rare. Herein, we describe an unusual case of an avian influenza A (H7N9) infection with several severe mixed bacterial infections and systemic super-infection with Cryptococcus neoformans presenting as ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and bloodstream infection in a previously immunocompetent man during hospitalization. A 58-year-old man was admitted to our hospital complaining of hyperpyrexia, dyspnoea, cough, and phlegm with blood. A chest computed tomography scan revealed multiple ground-glass opacities and consolidation in both lungs with right pleural effusion...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Conclusion: HSP should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients who present with respiratory distress, cough, fever and weight loss. Detailed contact history should be asked. Precipitant antibody positivity may not be present in every patient. Radiological diagnosis may be helpful. Not only prolonged exposure but also close contact may worsen clinical symptoms. Only exposure prevention is enough in most cases while steroid therapy, oxygen support and intensive care monitoring may be required in severe cases.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Paediatric bronchology Source Type: research
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is a TH1 lymphocyte –biased fibrosing alveolitis caused by antigens ranging from avian excreta, fungi, thermophilic bacteria, and protozoa to reactive chemicals found in the workplace. Mimicking a viral syndrome, acute exposures to inciting antigens cause abrupt onset of nonproductive cough, dyspnea, and chills with arthralgias or malaise usually from 4 to 8 hours later so that the temporal relationship between antigen exposure and symptoms might be unsuspected. The histology of HP reveals prominent lymphocyte infiltrates that thicken the alveolar septa with poorly formed granulomas or giant cells.
Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Fundamentals of allergy and immunology Source Type: research
Influenza has been impacting public health on a global scale since the beginning of recorded history. Influenza, also known as the “flu,” has numerous organizations committed to public health research, developing vaccines, and educating on best practices to prepare for the upcoming flu season. By gaining an understanding of the flu through history, virology, and how it impacts our society, we can have a better appreciation for the commitment that’s involved with combating the flu. What Is Influenza (and What’s Not)? The eyes of an epidemiologist can twitch for a variety of reasons, one of them being...
Source: JEMS Special Topics - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Exclusive Articles Operations Source Type: news
Introduction Following the initial outbreak of A/H1N1pdm09 in 2009-10, periodic resurgences of the pandemic influenza virus have been reported from India with variable morbidity and mortality. 1, 2 We have earlier reported a recrudescence of A/H1N1pdm09 in 2012-13 in Kashmir region of the northern Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir where influenza is an important cause of acute respiratory infections during the winter months. 3, 4 During the initial months of 2015, an unusual increase in influenza A/H1N1pdm09 activity was observed thoughout India with more than 39000 cases and about 3000 deaths. 5 While the activity was us...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 009 The diagnosis of HIV is no longer fatal and the term AIDS is becoming less frequent. In many countries, people with HIV are living longer than those with diabetes. This post will hopefully teach the basics of a complex disease and demystify some of the potential diseases you need to consider in those who are severely immunosuppressed. While trying to be comprehensive this post can not be exhaustive (as you can imagine any patient with ...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine AIDS art cryptococcoma cryptococcus HIV HIV1 HIV2 PEP PrEP TB toxoplasma tuberculoma Source Type: blogs
ConclusionIn patients with confirmed influenza A H7N9 infection whose condition worsens again, especially with new infiltration or lung ground-glass infiltration, one should suspect infection by other pathogens such asMycoplasma pneumoniae.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion Due to non-specific signs during psittacosis, early detection of the infection and differentiation from hypersensitivity pneumonitis can be challenging. Culture and antibody titers for C. psittaci have a lower sensitivity than PCR-testing due to several factors. We present a case of human psittacosis (presenting as pneumonia) with diagnosis based on clinical findings confirmed by means of nested PCR. This case suggests the added value of PCR in suspect cases despite negative serology. Our current paper underlines the need for a broader implementation of PCR for early diagnosis of human psittacosis and thus early...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Text messaging can provide information about pediatric post-vaccination fever and wheezing and was viewed positively by parents. It could be a helpful tool for rapid vaccine safety monitoring during a pandemic or other emergency vaccination program. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT02295007. PMID: 29089191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) is still a threat to Saudi Arabia. Thus, comprehensive and effective measures for surveillance and prevention of the disease are needed to control its spread.  
Source: Annals of Saudi Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: ISSUE 1 Source Type: research
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