Microbial and human heat shock proteins as 'danger signals' in sarcoidosis.

Microbial and human heat shock proteins as 'danger signals' in sarcoidosis. Hum Immunol. 2013 Aug 27; Authors: Dubaniewicz A Abstract In the light of the Matzinger's model of immune response, human heat shock proteins (HSPs) as main 'danger signals' (tissue damage-associated molecular patterns-DAMPs) or/and microbial HSPs as pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) recognized by pattern recognition receptors (PRR), may induce sarcoid granuloma by both infectious and non-infectious factors in genetically different predisposed host. Regarding infectious causes of sarcoid models, low-virulence strains of, e.g. mycobacteria and propionibacteria recognized through changed PRR and persisting in altered host phagocytes, generate increased release of both human and microbial HSPs with their molecular and functional homology. High chronic spread of human and microbial HSPs altering cytokines, co-stimulatory molecules, and Tregs expression, apoptosis, oxidative stress, induces the autoimmunity, considered in sarcoidosis. Regarding non-infectious causes of sarcoidosis, human HSPs may be released at high levels during chronic low-grade exposure to misfolding amyloid precursor protein in stressed cells, phagocyted metal fumes, pigments with/without aluminum in tattoos, and due to heat shock in firefighters. Therefore, human HSPs as DAMPs and/or microbial HSPs as PAMPs produced as a result of non-infectious and infectious factors may induce different models of sarcoi...
Source: Human Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Hum Immunol Source Type: research

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This article presents an oncologic patient with oropharyngeal cancer. After surgery with bilateral neck dissection and adjuvant radiation, the patient developed foreign body granuloma in the area of neck dissection in addition to cervical and mediastinal granuloma. Possible differential diagnoses in this situation are sarcoidosis or tumor-derived sarcoid-like lesions, but also metastases. Therefore, intensified follow-up is particularly important for oncologic patients developing granulomas. PMID: 31187149 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
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