Ergolide, a potent sesquiterpene lactone induces cell cycle arrest along with ROS-dependent apoptosis and potentiates vincristine cytotoxicity in ALL cell lines

ConclusionHere we showed that ergolide could be considered as a potent natural compound against leukemic cells by inducing cell cycle arrest followed by dose-dependent cell death. Based on results, Autophagy response in a result of ROS accumulation acted as a survival pathway and blocking this pathway could noticeably increase ergolide cytotoxicity on ALL cell lines.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 3 June 2020Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Milad Ashrafizadeh, Ali Zarrabi, Kiavash Hushmandi, Vahideh Zarrin, Ebrahim Rahmani Moghadam, Amirhossein Zabolian, Shima Tavakol, Saeed Samarghandian, Masoud Najafi
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 September 2020Source: Life Sciences, Volume 256Author(s): Neda Khalili, Masoud Nouri-Vaskeh, Zahra Hasanpour Segherlou, Amir Baghbanzadeh, Monireh Halimi, Haleh Rezaee, Behzad Baradaran
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: BiointerfacesAuthor(s): Ping Huang, Guanchun Wang, Zhaohong Wang, Cancan Zhang, Fengmian Wang, Xiaoxiao Cui, Sini Guo, Wei Huang, Rong Zhang, Deyue Yan
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: 24 September 2020Source: Inorganica Chimica Acta, Volume 510Author(s): Thankaraj Salammal Sheena, Rajakumaran Dhivya, Venkatesan Rajiu, K. Jeganathan, Mallayan Palaniandavar, Ganesan Mathan, Mohammad Abdulkader Akbarsha
Source: Inorganica Chimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of spacer sequence between chelator and BBN(7-14) led to improved bidistribution. Analogue with tri-Gly spacer is the more promising radiopeptide for targeting GRP receptor than Ser conjugate. Therefore, these analogs can be considered as a candidate for the identification of bombesin-positive tumors. PMID: 32497000 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Radiopharmaceuticals - Category: Radiology Tags: Curr Radiopharm Source Type: research
Authors: Ao H, Li Y, Li H, Wang Y, Han M, Guo Y, Shi R, Yue F, Wang X Abstract Hydroxy genkwanin (HGK), a flavonoid compound from natural resources, showed good inhibition against the growth of breast tumor cells. However, the poor solubility restricted the further study and the in vivo drug delivery of HGK. We prepared HGK nanosuspensions by antisolvent precipitation method and investigated their characterization, stability, hemolysis probability, release behavior in vitro, antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo, and preliminary safety through acute toxicity experiments. The resultant HGK nano...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang X, Ren X, Tang J, Wang J, Zhang X, He P, Yao C, Bian W, Sun L Abstract Multidrug resistance (MDR) of cancer cells is a significant challenge in chemotherapy, highlighting the urgent medical need for simple and reproducible strategies to reverse this process. Here, we report the development of an active tumor-targeting and redox-responsive nanoplatform (PA-ss-NP) using hyaluronic acid-g-cystamine dihydrochloride-poly-ε-(benzyloxycarbonyl)-L-lysine (HA-ss-PLLZ) to co-deliver paclitaxel (PTX) and apatinib (APA) for effective reversal of MDR. This smart nanoplatform specifically bound to CD44 rec...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Authors: Ayyadevara VSSA, Roh KH Abstract Jurkat, an immortalized cell line derived from human leukemic T lymphocytes, has been employed as an excellent surrogate model of human primary T-cells for the advancement of T-cell biology and their applications in medicine. However, presumably due to its T-cell origin, Jurkat cells are very difficult to transfect. Thus, for the genetic modification of Jurkat cells, expensive and time-consuming viral vectors are normally required. Despite many previous efforts, non-viral vectors have not yet overcome the hurdles of low transfection efficiency and/or high toxicity in transf...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Authors: Mookerjee S, Foster HR, Waller AK, Ghevaert CJ Abstract Platelet transfusions are given to patients in hospital who have a low blood platelet count (thrombocytopenia) either because of major bleeding (following trauma or surgery) or because the bone marrow production of platelets is impaired often due to chemotherapy, infiltration with malignant cells, fibrosis or genetic disorders. We are currently entirely reliant on blood donors as a source of platelets in transfusion medicine. However, the demand for platelets continues to rise, driven by an aging population, advances in medical procedures and ever mor...
Source: Platelets - Category: Hematology Tags: Platelets Source Type: research
Reena Goswami1, Gayatri Subramanian2, Liliya Silayeva1, Isabelle Newkirk1, Deborah Doctor1, Karan Chawla2, Saurabh Chattopadhyay2, Dhyan Chandra3, Nageswararao Chilukuri1 and Venkaiah Betapudi1,4* 1Neuroscience Branch, Research Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen, MD, United States 2Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, Toledo, OH, United States 3Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, United States 4Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Clev...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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