Lymphoma: Diagnosis and Treatment.

Lymphoma: Diagnosis and Treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2020 Jan 01;101(1):34-41 Authors: Lewis WD, Lilly S, Jones KL Abstract Lymphoma is a group of malignant neoplasms of lymphocytes with more than 90 subtypes. It is traditionally classified broadly as non-Hodgkin or Hodgkin lymphoma. Approximately 82,000 new U.S. patients are diagnosed with lymphoma annually. Any tobacco use and obesity are major modifiable risk factors, with genetic, infectious, and inflammatory etiologies also contributing. Lymphoma typically presents as painless adenopathy, with systemic symptoms of fever, unexplained weight loss, and night sweats occurring in more advanced stages of the disease. An open lymph node biopsy is preferred for diagnosis. The Lugano classification system incorporates symptoms and the extent of the disease as shown on positron emission tomography/computed tomography to stage lymphoma, which is then used to determine treatment. Chemotherapy treatment plans differ between the main subtypes of lymphoma. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is treated with CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) with or without rituximab (R-CHOP), bendamustine, and lenalidomide. Hodgkin lymphoma is treated with combined chemotherapy with ABVD (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine), Stanford V (a chemotherapy regimen consisting of mechlorethamine, doxorubicin, vinblastine, vincristine, bleomycin, etoposide, and prednisone), or BEACOPP (bleomycin, etoposi...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research

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Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part BAuthor(s): Yanhua Liu, Yang Li, Shanshan Dong, Lu Han, Ruixin Guo, Yourong Fu, Shenghu Zhang, Jianqiu Chen
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Authors: Musio F Abstract INTRODUCTION: Anemia has and will continue to be a central theme in medicine particularly as clinicians are treating a burgeoning population of complex multi-organ system processes. As a result of multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analyses, and societal recommendations overly restrictive paradigms and under-administration of erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) have likely been followed by clinicians among all specialties. AREAS COVERED: A review of anemia in the context of chronic kidney disease, hematologic malignancies and cancer is presented with focus on the e...
Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2021Source: Urology Case Reports, Volume 34Author(s): Nina Al-Saadi, Safa Al-Musawi, Yousuf Khan, Daben Dawam
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Immunohistochemistry seems to be a promising option not only in clinical recognition, but also in the selection and monitoring of treatment effects. However, these methods have not yet recommended for routine clinical use. PMID: 33032462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: European Journal of Surgical OncologyAuthor(s): Tetsutaro Miyoshi, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Hiroshi Fujimoto, Shigeru Yoshioka, Masayuki Shiobara, Kazuo Wakatsuki, Kosuke Suda, Kotaro Miyazawa, Toshiaki Aida, Yoshihiro Watanabe, Masayuki Ohtsuka
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Matti B, Zargar-Shoshtari K Abstract Prostate cancer represents a significant health burden worldwide. The cancer incidence had substantially increased since the introduction of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in cancer screening. This had led to considerable debates among health professionals and epidemiologists, since PSA as a screening tool seemed to be far from perfect. In New Zealand, the controversy was quite prominent in the last three decades, with some advocating the benefits of screening, while others concerned regarding the risk of harms. With the absence of an organised screening programme and ...
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Conclusions: Preliminary results from this prospective analysis suggest that, unlike BMI later in life, young adult BMI is consistently associated with all major subtypes of NHL. In contrast, usual adult BMI and waist circumference are uniquely associated with DLBCL. In general, the strongest associations with anthropometric factors were observed for DLBCL. Further analyses of these data are ongoing, including efforts to incorporate data from two additional large cohorts. These findings further demonstrate the etiologic heterogeneity of NHL subtypes and underscore the importance of maintaining a healthy body weight through...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 627. Aggressive Lymphoma (Diffuse Large B-Cell and Other Aggressive B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas)-Results from Retrospective/Observational Studies: Poster II Source Type: research
ConclusionAdult survivors of B-NHL have an overall significantly higher risk of developing DM in the first year and over all time following a diagnosis of B-NHL compared to the general population. Age 40 to 65 years and BMI ≥25 were significant risk factors for DM across all follow-up periods while treatment with chemotherapy only or chemotherapy with radiation significantly increased the risk of DM 5-10 years after diagnosis of B-NHL. Race did not appear to be a risk factor for DM but this result may reflect the homogeneity of our study population. These findings contribute important information to the existing literat...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 902. Health Services Research-Malignant Diseases: Poster III Source Type: research
Conclusion: Use of several organophosphate insecticides was associated with elevated breast cancer risk. However, associations for the women’s and husbands’ use of these insecticides showed limited concordance. Ongoing cohort follow-up may help clarify the relationship, if any, between individual insecticide exposures and breast cancer risk. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1295 Received: 28 October 2016 Revised: 25 April 2017 Accepted: 08 May 2017 Published: 06 September 2017 Address correspondence to L. Engel, Dept. of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, CB #7435, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7435 USA. Telep...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Concerns about the world’s most widely used herbicide are taking a new twist as researchers unveil data that indicates pervasive use of Monsanto Co.’s weed killer could be linked to pregnancy problems. Researchers looking at exposure to the herbicide known as glyphosate, the key ingredient in Monsanto’s Roundup-branded herbicides, said they tested and tracked 69 expectant mothers and found that the presence of glyphosate levels in their bodily fluids correlated with unfavorable birth outcomes. The research is still in preliminary stages and the sample size is small, but the team is scheduled to present th...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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