Ultrasound assessment of maternal adipose tissue during first trimester screening for aneuploidies and risk of developing gestational diabetes

The objective of the present study is to compare the sonographic measurement of subcutaneous adipose thickness and visceral adipose thickness during first trimester screening for aneuploidies between non ‐diabetic pregnant women and patients who develop first trimester or second trimester gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Material and methodsAdipose thickness was measured by the means of transabdominal ultrasound imaging in pregnant women attending our clinic for screening for fetal aneuploidies between 11 and 13 weeks. During the first trimester all patients were evaluated for fasting glycemia in accordance to the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) recommendations. Patients with confirmed fasting glycemia (FPG) ≥ 92 mg/dl were diagnosed as 1st trimester GDM. Patients with FPG
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

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The objective of the present study is to compare the sonographic measurement of subcutaneous adipose thickness and visceral adipose thickness during 1st trimester screening for aneuploidies between non ‐diabetic pregnant women and patients who develop 1st trimester or 2nd trimester gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Material and methodsAdipose thickness was measured by transabdominal ultrasound imaging in pregnant women attending our clinic for screening for fetal aneuploidies between 11 and 13  weeks of gestation. During the 1st trimester all patients were evaluated for fasting glycemia in accordance with the Inte...
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Dominique E. Martin1,2, Amanda K. Jones1,3, Sambhu M. Pillai1,4, Maria L. Hoffman1,5, Katelyn K. McFadden1,6, Steven A. Zinn1, Kristen E. Govoni1 and Sarah A. Reed1* 1Department of Animal Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, United States 2Department of Psychology, Providence College, Providence, RI, United States 3Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, Aurora, CO, United States 4School of Medicine, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, United States 5Department of Fisheries, Animal and Veterinary Sciences, The University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, United St...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT) on endothelial function, oxidative stress and clinical fitness in patients with type 1 diabetes. Thirty-six type 1 diabetic patients (mean age 23.5 ± 6 years) were randomized into 3 groups: HIIT, MCT, and a non-exercising group (CON). Exercise was performed in a stationary cycle ergometers during 40 min, 3 times/week, for 8 weeks at 50–85% maximal heart rate (HRmax) in HIIT and 50% HRmax in MCT. Endothelial function was measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) [endothelium-depende...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog Welcome to the 324th LITFL Review! Your regular and reliable source for the highest highlights, sneakiest sneak peeks and loudest shout-outs from the webbed world of emergency medicine and critical care. Each week the LITFL team casts the spotlight on the blogosphere’s best and brightest and deliver a bite-sized chunk of FOAM. Readers can subscribe to LITFL review RSS or LITFL review EMAIL subscription The Most Fair Dinkum Ripper Beauts of the Week Nice...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: LITFL review LITFL R/V Source Type: blogs
Authors: İlhan G, Gültekin H, Kubat A, Gokmen Karasu AF, Güngör ES, Zebitay GA, Verit Atmaca FF Abstract The aim of the study was to assess the standard foetal biometric measurements and foetal liver volume (FLV) in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) at the time of GDM screening and to compare the results with foetuses in normal pregnancies. Ninety-seven pregnant women with normal singleton uncomplicated pregnancies between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation were allocated into GDM (+) (n: 33) and GDM (-) (n: 64) groups based on their 75 g oral glucose tolerance test res...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
This study aims to find the possible correlation of vitamin D with the onset of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and its effect on fetal growth. A case-control study was conducted recruiting pregnant women in their second trimester. All subjects were classified as per the guidelines of the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criterion. Fetal growth scans were recorded at 28th week of gestation. Venous blood was collected and serum levels of 25-(OH) D, Calcium, TNF alpha were measured. Vitamin D concentration in cases was lower (2.40  ± 1.10 ng/ml) as compared t...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOnly vigorous physical activity appears beneficial with respect to maternal glucose tolerance, both among normal, overweight and obese women.
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsOnly vigorous physical activity appears beneficial with respect to maternal glucose tolerance, both among normal, overweight and obese women.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
Conclusion This cohort study suggests that babies of women diagnosed with gestational diabetes at 28 weeks or later may have already started to grow abnormally large for their age. Not every baby was affected, but the risk of a larger baby was higher in women who developed diabetes, and the changes had happened before they were diagnosed. This increases the argument that screening for diabetes in pregnancy should be moved earlier than 28 weeks, although no differences were seen at 20 weeks, so this looked too early to be of any practical use. Current recommended practice in England and Wales suggest women with gestational ...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pregnancy/child Source Type: news
Conclusion. Normative range for AFI values for late third trimester was established. Appreciable changes occurred in AFI values as gestation advanced by two weeks. Hence, it is recommended to follow up low risk antenatal women every two weeks after 34 weeks of pregnancy. The percentile curves of AFI obtained from the present study may be used to detect abnormalities of amniotic fluid for our population. PMID: 25685558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
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