Resection Plus Post-operative Adjuvant Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization (TACE) Compared with Resection Alone for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
AbstractPurposeMultiple studies have demonstrated adjuvant transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (aTACE) after resection improved outcomes compared to resection alone for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Unlike pre-operative TACE which targets a lesion, aTACE is administered in the proximal hepatic artery to destroy cancer cells within the remaining liver. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to quantify this survival and disease-free survival (DFS) benefit.MethodsA search of five databases was performed from inception to 20 August 2019.ResultsA total of 26 studies (six randomized controlled trials) involving 7817 patients were included. Patients treated with resection plus aTACE had significantly better 1-year survival (OR, 2.53 [95% CI, 1.70 –3.76,p
CONCLUSIONS: PVS-125I-TACE-S is safe for patients with HCC with PVTT and may extend the TTP and survival of patients with Vp4 PVTT. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: PVS implantation promptly restored flow in the obstructed portal vein, which can reduce the risk of hepatic failure and upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Implantation of iodine-125 seed-strips may directly expose the portal tumor thrombus to radiation and kill cancer cells. Their combined use with TACE-S has a strong scientific rationale. PMID: 32464068 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In conclusion, this retrospective study of data from patients with advanced HCC with PVTT shows that PFS and OS did not differ significantly in patients treated with TACE plus RT and TACE plus sorafenib.
Publication date: Available online 18 April 2020Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): Wen-ping Lu, Hao-wen Tang, Zhan-yu Yang, Kai Jiang, Yong-liang Chen, Shi-chun Lu
AbstractBackgroundHepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second most common lethal cancer, and there is a need for effective therapies. Selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) has been increasingly used, but is not supported by guidelines due to a lack of solid evidence.AimsDetermine the efficacy and safety of SIRT in HCC across the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stages A, B, and C.MethodsConsecutive patients that received SIRT between 2006 and 2016 at two centers in Canada were evaluated.ResultsWe analyzed 132 patients, 12 (9%), 62 (47%), and 58 (44%) belonged to BCLC stages A, B, and C; mean age was 61.2 (SD &th...
CONCLUSION: EpCAM proved high specificity among HCC patients and its expression was associated with metastasis and portal vein thrombosis. Higher serum levels of CEA among the EpCAM positive patients may attract the attention to a subgroup of HCC patients who are more liable to develop metastasis.. PMID: 32212818 [PubMed - in process]
ConclusionModulation of the expression of immune checkpoints as Tim-3 and PD-1, and of CCR5 on T cells is somehow related to HCC. CD8+ T cells expressing PD-1 were the most relevant to HCC prognosis (OS and treatment response) and could represent a promising target for immune therapy against HCC. Future studies need to focus on exploring PD-1+ B cells and Tim-3+CD4+ cells, which seem to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of HCC.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on one, small randomised trial at high risk of bias, the evidence is very uncertain about the effect of TAE or TACE versus no active therapeutic intervention on mortality for people with liver metastases as the true effect may be substantially different. The trial did not measure failure to clear liver metastases, time to progression of liver metastases, tumour response measures, or health-related quality of life. Short-term, minor adverse events were recorded in the intervention groups only. Large trials, following current standards of conduct and reporting, are required to explore the benefits and harm...
This study aimed to evaluate SPINK1's prognostic value and its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progress.Methods: We use tissue micro-arrays containing 273 tumor and paired para-tumor tissues to evaluate SPINK1's prognostic value in HCC. CCK8 cell proliferation assay, wound healing assays, transwell migration and invasion assays were performed to explore the effect of SPINIK1 on HCC cells. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) were used to verify the prognosis value of SPINK1 in HCC and explore the underlying mechanisms.Results: SPINK1 expression was significantly higher in t...
CONCLUSIONS: Evidence for the effectiveness of PEI plus TACE versus TACE in people with liver metastases is of very low certainty and is based on one small randomised clinical trial at high risk of bias. Currently, it cannot be determined whether adding PEI to TACE makes a difference in comparison to using TACE alone. Evidence for benefits or harms of PEI compared with no intervention, other ablation methods, or systemic treatments is lacking. PMID: 32017845 [PubMed - in process]
ConclusionsThis retrospective study showed that TARE therapy resulted in minimal toxicity in patients with HBV-derived HCC. Patients with CP A or BCLC A disease had superior survival outcomes compared to patients with CP B and BCLC B/C disease. These findings suggest that TARE is a viable treatment option for certain patient groups with HCC tumors secondary to HBV infection.