Congenital heart disease and autism: A possible link?

Children born with congenital heart disease (CHD) are now surviving at extraordinarily high rates; for most, their life expectancy may be comparable to that of the general population. However, despite the great advances in medical and surgical care, many people with CHD experience long-lasting neurodevelopmental difficulties. These include problems with attention and executive function skills, learning challenges, and in some cases, lower-than-normal IQs. Study links congenital heart disease and autism A recent study published in the journal Pediatrics provides compelling evidence that there may also be an association between CHD and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This large, case-control study is one of the first to confirm that people born with CHD have approximately a 33% increased likelihood of receiving a diagnosis of ASD. This holds true even after considering other factors known to elevate the risk of autism, including genetic syndromes, prematurity, and neonatal complications such as epilepsy or insufficient oxygen at birth. One of the most interesting findings from this study was that the risks of ASD were highest among children with less critical forms of CHD, such as atrial septal defects and ventricular septal defects, although children with more complex types of CHD also had elevated risks. As we noted in an editorial that accompanied the Pediatrics article, this and other similar studies (such as this one, this one, and this one) raise more questions than answe...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Children's Health Heart Health Parenting Screening Source Type: blogs

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Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - Category: Occupational Health Authors: Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research
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CONCLUSION: Preliminary evidence of the content validity of PMP-C (Simplified) items and reliability of the subscale attendance for use with children and youth in mainland China has been gathered. However, psychometric properties in terms of construct validity for the whole instrument and reliability for the engagement subscale need further exploration. PMID: 32941109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research
Conditions:   Rheumatic Heart Disease;   Anticoagulant Adverse Reaction Intervention:   Procedure: Cardiac surgery Sponsors:   Levanger Hospital;   Haukeland University Hospital;   Addis Ababa University Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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