Anorexia and obesity may affect bone mineral density in young women

Anorexia and obesity cause variations in hormone levels that may adversely affect bone metabolism in young women, according to a study published inThe Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism.Endocrinology Advisor
Source: Society for Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: Impaired satiation responses, mediated in part by reduced sensitivity to amylin, may explain the elevated intake observed upon INT HFD access and may play a role in disorders of INT overconsumption, including binge eating. PMID: 32237211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research
Authors: Seabrook LT, Borgland SL Abstract Obesity is a major health challenge facing many people throughout the world. Increased consumption of palatable, high-caloric foods is one of the major drivers of obesity. Both orexigenic and anorexic states have been thoroughly reviewed elsewhere; here, we focus on the cognitive control of feeding in the context of obesity, and how the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is implicated, based on data from preclinical and clinical research. The OFC is important in decision-making and has been heavily researched in neuropsychiatric illnesses such as addiction and obsessive–comp...
Source: Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Psychiatry Neurosci Source Type: research
Authors: Bhootra K, Bhootra AR, Desai K, Bhootra RK, R MS Abstract Cases have been reported about refeeding syndrome after bariatric surgery for obesity, in head and neck cancer patients, in patients with anorexia nervosa, hyperemesis gravidarum, in persons on hunger strike, malnourished alcoholic persons and persons doing religious fasting. Refeeding after prolonged fasting can cause severe morbidity and even mortality, if not done properly. Depletion of intracellular electrolytes, depletion of nutrients and vitamins, decreased BMR, decreased renal functions, decreased insulin, decreased GI functions all contribut...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
We report for the first time that copeptin level is not altered in AN. AbstractObjectiveAntidiuretic hormone (ADH) is involved in the response to stress and in depression and anxiety. However, studies on ADH in anorexia nervosa (AN) show conflicting results. A major reason for this may be methodological challenges due to short half ‐life of ADH in circulation and rapid degradation in vitro. To overcome these obstacles, copeptin, the C‐terminal fragment stemming from the ADH precursor, has been increasingly used as a stable clinical measure for ADH. Furthermore, copeptin has been recognized as a biomarker of insulin res...
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
This article discusses the concept of intuitive eating, where no food is off limits, and how it dramatically changed the life of Harriet, a woman with PCOS who has struggled with obesity since childhood. We Tell Suicidal People to Go to Therapy. So Why Are Therapists Rarely Trained in Suicide?: Suicide is the nation’s 10th leading cause of death, yet training for mental health practitioners who treat suicidal patients — psychologists, social workers, marriage and family therapists, among others — is dangerously inadequate, says the author. This article thoroughly probes this topic and explores what can be...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anorexia Binge Eating Depression Disorders Eating Disorders General Mental Health and Wellness Psychiatry Psychology Psychology Around the Net Psychotherapy Self-Help Anorexia Nervosa Binge Eating Disorder Bulimia Nervosa cor Source Type: blogs
We report for the first time that copeptin level is not altered in AN. AbstractObjectiveAntidiuretic hormone (ADH) is involved in the response to stress and in depression and anxiety. However, studies on ADH in anorexia nervosa (AN) show conflicting results. A major reason for this may be methodological challenges due to short half ‐life of ADH in circulation and rapid degradation in vitro. To overcome these obstacles, copeptin, the C‐terminal fragment stemming from the ADH precursor, has been increasingly used as a stable clinical measure for ADH. Furthermore, copeptin has been recognized as a biomarker of insulin res...
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore the experiences of women who had developed excessively restrictive eating behaviours following bariatric surgery.MethodFive female participants, who were at least nine months post-bariatric surgery and exhibiting restrictive eating behaviours, were recruited from Bariatric Surgery Psychology Services and asked to complete qualitative face-to-face semi-structured interviews. The data was analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA).ResultsThree super-ordinate themes emerged: (1) experiences of weight stigma and weight history on self, (2) the impact of loose skin, (3) thoughts ab...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
When treating antibiotic-resistant infections, injecting patients with other people ’s excrement can be highly effective. Could it be the answer to dementia, anorexia and obesity too?The man and woman are wearing blue hospital gowns and clear face shields. Dr James Sones and Dr Indu Srinivasan are in a room in the Division of Digestive Diseases at the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson. They are about to create something that has spread through medicine like, well, a shitstorm.Sones takes a brown gloopy material and spoons it into what looks like a regular kitchen blender. The camera zooms in to a la...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Health & wellbeing Digestive disorders Microbiology Life and style Science Society Source Type: news
Abstract Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) is a cytokine that reduces food intake through activation of hindbrain GFRAL-RET receptors and has become a keen target of interest for anti-obesity therapies. Elevated endogenous GDF15 is associated with energy balance disturbances, cancer progression, chemotherapy-induced anorexia, and morning sickness. We hypothesized that GDF15 causes emesis and that its anorectic effects are related to this function. Here, we examined feeding and emesis and/or emetic-like behaviors in three different mammalian laboratory species to help elucidate the role of GDF15 in thes...
Source: Cell Metabolism - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Metab Source Type: research
In conclusion, PD may serve as a pharmaceutic candidate for obesity-related lipid metabolism, anti-inflammation, and body weight loss. PMID: 31828124 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
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