AHA Names Top Heart Disease, Stroke Research Advances of 2019 AHA Names Top Heart Disease, Stroke Research Advances of 2019
A watch that detects atrial fibrillation, prescription fish oil for CV risk reduction, and the promise of dapagliflozin in HF are among the major advances for 2019, says the American Heart Association.Medscape Medical News
AbstractPurpose of reviewAtrial fibrillation is the commonest sustained arrhythmia in rheumatic heart disease and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In this review, we discuss its epidemiology, natural course and management with special emphasis on recent developments in understanding and treatment of atrial fibrillation in rheumatic heart disease.Recent findingsUse of direct oral anticoagulants appears promising, especially in developing countries where regular coagulation monitoring is a challenge. Also, restoration and maintenance of sinus rhythm in rheumatic atrial fibrillation appear feasible and ...
ConclusionsPostoperative implantation of a permanent RV pacemaker does not alter the long ‐term risks of HF and mortality following mitral valve surgery.
The association between atrial fibrillation, stroke, and interatrial block (IAB) (P-wave duration ≥120 ms) is well recognized, particularly in the case of advanced IAB. We aimed to assess the association of IAB with mild cognitive impairment. CAMBIAD (Advanced Characterization of Cognitive Impairment in Elderly with Interatrial Block) was a case-control multicenter study, conducted in subjects aged ≥70 years in sinus rhythm without significant structural heart disease. Diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment was performed by an expert geriatrician, internist, or neurologist in the presence of changes in cognitive func...
CONCLUSIONS: Multimorbid patients with ACS are at a greater risk for worse outcomes than their nonmultimorbid counterparts. Lack of consistent measurement makes interpretation of the impact of multimorbidity challenging and emphasizes the need for more research on multimorbidity's effects on postdischarge healthcare utilization. PMID: 32925234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
The prognostic impact of isolated tricuspid regurgitation (TR) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) has not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic implications of significant isolated TR in AF patients without left-sided heart disease, pulmonary hypertension or primary structural abnormalities of the tricuspid valve.A total of 63 AF patients with moderate and severe TR were matched for age and gender to 116 AF patients without significant TR. Patients were followed for the occurrhttps://doi.org/10.13039/100006520ence of all-cause mortality, hospitalization for heart failure and stroke.
Underuse of anticoagulants in ischemic stroke patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and/or rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a global concern, especially in China. However, the extent to which anticoagulants are underused in AF and/or RHD-related ischemic stroke in China has not been well characterized. We aimed to explore the temporal trends of AF and/or RHD-related ischemic stroke patients, anticoagulation use and factors related to suboptimal use of anticoagulants in a Chinese population.
This ECG was texted to me with no other information:Computer Diagnosis:SINUS TACHYCARDIAINCOMPLETE RIGHT BUNDLE BRANCH BLOCK [90+ ms QRS DURATION,TERMINAL R IN V1/V2, 40+ ms S IN I/aVL/V4/V5/V6]LEFT ANTERIOR FASCICULAR BLOCK [QRS AXIS
CONCLUSIONS: Among older adults with dementia, proactive and ambulatory care that includes informal caregivers along with primary and specialty providers, may offer promise to decrease use and costs for chronic kidney disease, ischemic heart disease, atrial fibrillation, depression, and hypertension. PMID: 32729984 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In conclusion, uric acid is emerging as a potentially treatable risk factor for cardiometabolic diseases, and more clinical trials investigating the potential benefit of lowering serum uric acid are recommended in individuals with hyperuricaemia with and without deposition and concomitant hypertension, metabolic syndrome or chronic kidney disease. PMID: 32739239 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Now that marijuana is legal for medical or recreational use in many states, growing numbers of Americans — including older people — are imbibing this popular drug. In fact, the percentage of people ages 65 and older who said they used some form of marijuana almost doubled between 2015 and 2018, a recent study reports. Compared with prescription drugs, the health consequences of using marijuana are not nearly as well studied. But converging evidence suggests that the drug may be harmful for the heart, according to a review article in JACC: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. More than two million Amer...