Underlying Cardiomyopathy May Cause Some Cryptogenic Stroke Underlying Cardiomyopathy May Cause Some Cryptogenic Stroke

A new study used cardiac MRI to detect cardiomyopathies in patients with an ischemic stroke of unknown origin.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - Category: Cardiology Tags: Cardiology News Source Type: news

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Advanced interatrial block (A-IAB) has been associated to atrial fibrillation (AF) and ischemic stroke, raising the question as to whether such patients, even when still in sinus rhythm without documented AF, could benefit from oral anticoagulation. AF and A-IAB are both markers of stroke. The anatomical substrate in both is fibrotic atrial cardiomyopathy, resulting in atrial electromechanical dyssynchrony, dysfunction, and left atrial remodelling, that favour blood stasis and hypercoagulation. Under these conditions thrombogenic cascade may be triggered, resulting in systemic embolization.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis retrospective observational study found a similar efficacy between DOAC and VKA agents in patients with LV thrombi (70.6% vs. 71.5%); however, when the thrombus remains, VKAs are still the standard of care as it is possible to control INR levels (3 –4) with them.
Source: Clinical Drug Investigation - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Concetta Schiano, Giuditta Benincasa, Monica Franzese, Nunzia Della Mura, Katia Pane, Marco Salvatore, Claudio NapoliAbstractThe complex pathobiology underlying cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) has yet to be explained. Aberrant epigenetic changes may result from alterations in enzymatic activities, which are responsible for putting in and/or out the covalent groups, altering the epigenome and then modulating gene expression. The identification of novel individual epigenetic-sensitive trajectories at single cell level might pro...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
We examined frequency, clinical characteristics and AF‐related management and outcomes amongst this patient population.MethodsWe retrospectively studied consecutive probands with inherited cardiomyopathy (n=962) and inherited arrhythmia syndromes (n=195) evaluated between 2002 ‐2018.ResultsAF was observed in 5 ‐31% of patients, with the highest frequency in HCM. Age of AF onset was 45.8 ± 21.9 years in the inherited arrhythmia syndromes compared to 53.3 ± 15.3 years in the inherited cardiomyopathies, with 4 CPVT patients developing AF at median age of 20 years. Overall, 11% of patients with AF had a t r...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
We report a case of ARVD presenting with features of acute ischemic cerebrovascular stroke. The suspicion of ARVD came only when the echocardiogram revealed dilatation and abnormal wall motion of the right ventricle in the presence of certain ECG findings consistent with ARVD. The diagnosis was later confirmed by cardiac MRI which is one of the most specific diagnostic tests for ARVD.
Source: Neurology India - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
By AMEYA KULKARNI, MD When Samuel Morse left his New Haven home to paint a portrait of the Maquis du Lafayette in Washington DC, it was the last time he would see his pregnant wife. Shortly after his arrival in Washington, his wife developed complications during childbirth. A messenger took several days on horseback to relay the message to Mr Morse. Because the trip back to New Haven took several more, his wife had died by the time he arrived at their home.  So moved was he by the tragedy of lost time that he dedicated the majority of the rest of his life to make sure that this would never happen to anyone again. H...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Policy Medical Practice Ameya Kulkarni Global Health Maternal mortality public health Source Type: blogs
AbstractSeveral studies have explored the use of NOACs compared with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and atrial fibrillation (AF); and therefore, we aimed to compare the efficacy and safety outcomes of NOACs with VKAs in this population. We systematically searched the PubMed and Embase databases until August 5, 2019 for studies that compared the effect of NOACs with VKAs in patients with HCM and AF. The risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled using a random-effects model. A total of four observational studies were included in this meta-analysis. Over...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
This study identified 17,371 HCM patients without AF and utilized propensity-score-matching to identify one-to-one matched control of general population with AF receiving oral anti-coagulants (OACs). During a median follow-up of 7.3 years, 847 (4.9%) subjects experienced IS with the incidence of 0.589/100 person-years. The corresponding matched controls experienced 788 (4.5%) events with the incidence of 0.494/100 person-years. Compared with control, HCM patients had similar risk of IS (Hazard ratios [HRs] 0.965, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.854-1.091). HCM patients with age above 65 years had a significantly increased r...
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: FELLOWS CORE CURRICULUM Source Type: research
ConclusionsREDUCE LAP-HF II is designed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the IASD device in patients with symptomatic HF with elevated LA pressure and LVEF≥40%.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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