Computational Psychiatry, Self-Care, and The Mind-Body Problem

Schematic example of how the “mind” (cerebral cortex) is connected to the “body” (adrenal gland) - modified from Fig. 1 (Dum et al., 2016):“Modern medicine has generally viewed the concept of‘psychosomatic’disease with suspicion. This view arose partly because no neural networks were known for the mind, conceptually associated with the cerebral cortex, to influence autonomic and endocrine systems that control internal organs. ”Psychosomatic illnesses are typically seen in pejorative terms — it's all in your head so it must not be real! Would a known biological mechanism lessen the stigma? For over 40 years,Dr. Peter Strick and his colleagues have conducted careful neuroanatomical tracing studies of motor and subcortical systems in the primate brain. A crucial piece of this puzzle requires detailed maps of the anatomical connections, both direct and indirect. How do the frontal lobes, which direct our thoughts, emotions, and movements, influence the function of peripheral organs?In their new paper,Dum, Levinthal, and Strick (2019) revisited their2016 work. Theadrenal medulla (within the adrenal gland) secretes the stress hormones adrenaline and noradrenaline. To trace the terminal projections back to their origins in the spinal cord and up to the brain, the rabies virus was injected in the target tissue. The virus is taken up at the injection site and travels backward (in the retrograde direction) to identify neurons that c...
Source: The Neurocritic - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: blogs

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Publication date: July 2020Source: Journal of Adolescence, Volume 82Author(s): Holly M. Kobezak, Brandon E. Gibb
Source: Journal of Adolescence - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2020Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): André O. Werneck, Diego G.D. Christofaro, Raphael M. Ritti-Dias, Gabriel G. Cucato, Brendon Stubbs, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Raquel D.O. Conceição, Raul D. Santos, Márcio S. Bittencourt
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
New J. Chem., 2020, Advance Article DOI: 10.1039/D0NJ01323D, PaperSonali D. Naik, Sanjay K. Apte, Sunil N. Garaje, Yogesh A. Sethi, Manish D. Shinde, Sudhir A. Arbuj, Bharat B. Kale, Ravindra S. Sonawane Nanostructured CdIn2S4 and ZnIn2S4 with unique morphologies can be synthesized using this method which is simple and easy to operate. To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above. The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - New J. Chem. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Mitra AR, Fergusson NA, Lloyd-Smith E, Wormsbecker A, Foster D, Karpov A, Crowe S, Haljan G, Chittock DR, Kanji HD, Sekhon MS, Griesdale DEG Abstract BACKGROUND: Pandemic severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is associated with high intensive care unit (ICU) mortality. We aimed to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in a Canadian setting. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case series of critically ill patients with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection consecutively admitted to 1 of 6 ICUs ...
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: During the last few decades, French armed forces have regularly deployed in asymmetric conflicts. Surgical support for casualties of these conflicts occurs in NATO role 2 and 3 medical treatment facilities (MTF); definitive surgical care occurs...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
We describe the evaluation and management of a polytrauma patient with transverse arch transection which was complicated by dissection of both common carotid art...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) was diagnosed in more than 1 million US inpatient stays and emergency department (ED) visits in 2017, a recent Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) report estimated. The authors used data from the 2017 National...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
INTRODUCTION: The psychological contribution to functional neurological and somatic symptom disorders is a major topic in current medical debate. OBJECTIVE: For an understanding of the processes leading to functional somatic symptoms, it is paramount t...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Escalating cannabis use may be linked to decreased motivation and anhedonia, which are  symptoms of depression. Adolescent cannabis users with subthreshold depressive symptoms such as reduced motivation may be susceptible to the development of significant ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
The body of a 53-year-old man was found in a burning car. The ignition key was in start position and the accelerator pedal was held down by his right foot. Autopsy revealed a gunshot entrance wound in the hard palate, a bullet track through the anterior cr...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news
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