Determination of antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 & 2 & O and P24 - antigen in pregnant women in port harcourt Nigeria.

Determination of antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type 1&2&O and P24 - antigen in pregnant women in port harcourt Nigeria. J Immunoassay Immunochem. 2019 Dec 28;:1-11 Authors: Okonko IO, Okoli EM Abstract The need for a cure against HIV infection and a need to improve HIV screening amongst low risk population such as pregnant women have been an issue since the emergence of HIV. Therefore, a hospital-based cross-sectional study was adopted to determine the prevalence of antibodies to HIV-1/2/O and P24 antigen among pregnant women in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Estimating the HIV seropositivity in pregnant women will offer vital information for monitoring the trend of HIV infection in the general population and assist in prevention from mother-to-child transmission. The occurrence of antibodies to HIV type 1/2/O and P24 antigen among the pregnant women was investigated using fourth-generation ELISA. The influence of the women's age, marital status, occupation, educational status and gestation period on the prevalence of these antibodies against HIV type 1/2/O and P24 antigen was also considered. Of the 86 pregnant women, 14 were found to be HIV-positive with seropositivity rate of 32.6%. Majority of HIV seropositive women (41.2%) were in the age group of 31-42 years. Higher seropositivity was observed among singles (50.0%), those with secondary education (44.7%), unemployed (47.8%) and in those in their third trimester (40.0%). Additionally, this...
Source: Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Tags: J Immunoassay Immunochem Source Type: research

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RARITAN, NJ, March 28, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson today announced the VOYAGER PAD study met its primary efficacy and principal safety endpoints, demonstrating the XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) vascular dose (2.5 mg twice daily) plus aspirin (100 mg once daily) was superior to aspirin alone in reducing the risk of major adverse limb and cardiovascular (CV) events by 15 percent in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization, with similar rates of TIMI[1] major bleeding. VOYAGER PAD is the only study to show a significant benefit...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
Purpose of review As active rheumatic and musculoskeletal disease during pregnancy increases the risk for pregnancy loss, preterm birth, and maternal illness, ongoing management with pregnancy-compatible medications can improve these outcomes. Selecting and taking these medications can be challenging for rheumatologists and patients due to limited knowledge about potential risks and benefits. Recent findings Fortunately, the American College of Rheumatology, American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, British Rheumatology Society, and the European League Against Rheumatism have each published recommendations to gui...
Source: Current Opinion in Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: CLINICAL THERAPEUTICS AND HEMATOLOGIC COMPLICATIONS: Edited by W. Joseph McCune Source Type: research
Conclusion: HIFU showed a safe and effective profile as a therapeutic management option for patients with adenomyosis. In comparison with LE, HIFU treatment achieved better postoperative reproductive outcomes. HIFU treatment should be encouraged and implemented in clinical practice. PMID: 32208771 [PubMed - in process]
Source: International Journal of Hyperthermia - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Int J Hyperthermia Source Type: research
I recognize I'm probably reaching out to a very small number of people - those surgical (or other) residents who happen to be pregnant during this pandemic. Just curious what people's experiences have been. I'm full term but working normally without any extra precautions except those put in place by the hospital for all residents. Our hospital happens to have a fairly high burden of COVID-19 infected patients both admitted and showing up symptomatic to the ED for r/o. I have mixed... Pregnant residents amid the apocalypse
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Surgery and Surgical Subspecialties Source Type: forums
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Source: Postgraduate Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 March 2020Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical GastroenterologyAuthor(s): Sherman Picardo, Cynthia H. Seow
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Authors: Patwardhan RS, Singh B, Pal D, Checker R, Bandekar M, Sharma D, Sandur SK Abstract The choice between immunity or tolerance is a consequence of T-cell fate determined by T cell receptor affinity to cognate MHC-peptide complex, costimulatory molecules and cytokines from antigen presenting cells. While activated, effector and memory T cells provide immunity against antigens, regulatory T cells play a pivotal non-redundant role in immune tolerance and tissue repair. T-cell differentiation and functions are also well known to be governed by the redox status. Physiological redox status is determined by oxygen c...
Source: Free Radical Research - Category: Research Tags: Free Radic Res Source Type: research
Review and meta - analysis ID 30 factors that raise risk for child psychosis, five factors that protect
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Family Medicine, Gynecology, Nursing, Pathology, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Journal, Source Type: news
Abstract Preeclampsia is a dangerous hypertensive disorder of pregnancy with known links to negative child health outcomes. Here, we review epidemiological and basic neuroscience work from the past several decades linking prenatal preeclampsia to altered neurodevelopment. This work demonstrates increased rates of neuropsychiatric disorders [e.g., increased autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)] in children of preeclamptic pregnancies, as well as increased rates of cognitive impairments [e.g., decreased intelligence quotient (IQ), academic performance] and neurological disease (e...
Source: Trends in Neurosciences - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Trends Neurosci Source Type: research
We ’d like to hear your concerns about bearing a child during the coronavirus pandemic. Please fill out our brief form, and a reporter may respond to you.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Pregnancy and Childbirth Medicine and Health Families and Family Life Source Type: news
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