Recent advance in edible coating and its effect on fresh/fresh-cut fruits quality
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Bernard Maringgal, Norhashila Hashim, Intan Syafinaz Mohamed Amin Tawakkal, Mahmud Tengku Muda MohamedAbstractBackgroundNumerous studies have been conducted to investigate the capability of edible coatings for preserving the quality and prolonging the shelf life of fresh/fresh-cut fruits. Evidence has shown that an edible coating could function as a barrier on the fruit surface, modify the internal gas atmosphere, decrease water losses and delay fruit ripening. Efforts have been exerted to introduce new natural coating materials to sustain the safety and quality of fresh/fresh-cut fruits.Scope and approachThis review attempts to provide a summary of the recent studies on the application of edible coatings on different fresh/fresh-cut fruit categories, namely pome fruits (apple and pear), citrus, stone fruits, tropical and exotic fruits, berries, melon, and tomatoes. A fundamental theory behind the edible coating treatment and the effect on the physiological, physicochemical, sensory, and antimicrobial properties of fresh/fresh-cut fruits is discussed. The future perspective of this preservation method is also highlighted.Key findings and conclusionsEdible coating can be used as an alternative strategy to prolong the shelf life of fresh/fresh-cut fruits. The materials selection for edible coating play a key role in determining its effectiveness and consumers acceptabilit...
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This study aims to assess whether older adults with low muscle mass or strength, in the presence of obesity, have an increased risk of knee (TKR) and hip replacement (THR) over 13 years. 1082 community-dwelling older adults (51% women; mean age 62.9 ± 7.5 years) were studied at baseline and multiple time points over 13 years. The incidence of TKR and THR was determined by data linkage to National Joint Replacement Registry. Appendicular lean and fat mass were measure d using DXA. Lower-limb muscle strength (LMS) was assessed by dynamometer. Low muscle mass and strength were defined as t...
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Journal of OptometryAuthor(s): Tahereh Rakhshandadi, Mohamad-Reza Sedaghat, Farshad Askarizadeh, Hamed Momeni-Moghaddam, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Abbasali Yekta, Foroozan Narooie-Noori