Risk of second primary papillary thyroid cancer among adult cancer survivors in the United States, 2000-2015

ConclusionsPTC risk was elevated after a range of first primary adult cancers but was not clearly related to treatment. Although surveillance may contribute to elevated short-term risks of PTC, longer-term elevations in regional/distant PTC may be attributable to shared risk factors.
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 3 June 2020Source: Journal of the American College of RadiologyAuthor(s): Ruth C. Carlos, Katy Lowry, Gelareh Sadigh
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract When the guidelines of the North American Spine Society concerning deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis were followed, only 2 (0.63%) of 315 patients with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusions developed DVT complications over a 9-year period. Based on these findings, mechanical DVT prophylaxis appears to be adequate in patients undergoing elective spinal surgery, with no current support for pharmacologic prophylaxis. PMID: 32498960 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Orthopedic Clinics of North America - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Orthop Clin North Am Source Type: research
Conclusions: There is a scarcity of surgical providers in pediatric orthopaedic centers proficient in Spanish, demonstrating a large discrepancy with the growing Hispanic population. Interpreter services are widely available, although there is variability in the services provided. Considerable barriers exist to Spanish-speaking patients who attempt to access care by phone or online.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Selected Topics Source Type: research
Conclusion. The spontaneous incidence rate of vertebral body infection among OVF patients was 0.7%; however, the occurrence of this complication led to serious events. Clinicians should pay attention to the possibility of bacillemia in elderly or immunocompromised OVF patients. Level of Evidence: 4
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CLINICAL CASE SERIES Source Type: research
Conclusion. The proposed nomogram obtained more precision prognostic prediction for patients with initially-diagnosed primary spinal and pelvic tumors. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Source Type: research
Study Design.. A meta-analysis. Objective.. The goal of this study was to accurately evaluate the risk ratio (RR) of recurrence in chordoma patients with wide margin after removing the tumors using surgery, compared with inadequate margin (intralesional or marginal). Summary of Background Data.. As a rare malignant bone cancer, the more effective treatment for sacral chordoma is still surgical resection. However, there is no convincing evidence and risk ratio about sacral chordoma patients would be benefit from which kind of surgical margin. Methods.. We searched the PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: LITERATURE REVIEW Source Type: research
Conclusion. This bibliometric study showed that there is a growing trend both in published articles related to sacral fracture surgery and relative research interest in the last 30 years. United States dominates the research regarding sacral fracture surgery. Johns Hopkins University, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, and Harborview Medical Center are the best institutions related to sacral fracture surgery research. Spine, J Orthop Trauma, and Injury are the top three productive journals on sacral fracture surgery. Sacral fracture patterns, proximal junctional kyphosis, spondylopelvic dissociation, fragility fract...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: LITERATURE REVIEW Source Type: research
Conclusion. Patients with positive surgical margins benefit from adjuvant RT. Optimal OS is associated with adjuvant RT administered with advanced techniques and cumulative dose more than 65 Gy. Level of Evidence: 4
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: SURGERY Source Type: research
Authors: Carkic J, Nikolic N, Nisevic J, Lazarevic M, Kuzmanovic-Pficer J, Jelovac D, Milasin J Abstract Oral carcinoma is the sixth most common malignancy worldwide, with survival rates of approximately 50%. The major type of oral cancer, present in 90% of the cases, is oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The genetic background predisposing an individual to OSCC is complex and largely unknown. Studies have suggested that endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene polymorphisms modulate the cancer risk, prompting us to assess the impact of three functional eNOS gene polymorphisms on OSCC risk. The present study...
Source: Journal of oral science - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research
Purpose of review Genome instability has long been implicated as a primary causal factor in cancer and diseases of aging. The genome is constantly under attack from extrinsic and intrinsic damaging agents. Uracil misincorporation in DNA and its repair is an intrinsic factor resulting in genomic instability and DNA mutations. Additionally, the presence of uracil in DNA can modify gene expression by interfering with promoter binding and transcription inhibition or upregulation of apoptotic proteins. In immune cells, uracil in DNA drives beneficial genomic diversity for antigen-driven immunity. This review addresses disease...
Source: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care - Category: Nutrition Tags: GENES AND CELL METABOLISM: Edited by Anastasia Z. Kalea and Dorothy Klimis-Zacas Source Type: research
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