National Database Reported Outcomes Following Craniosynostosis Reconstruction
Conclusion: This study provides a large descriptive analysis of craniosynostosis repair throughout the United States. Largely nonmodifiable patient risk factors lead to worse health system metrics, with young age, gastrointestinal comorbidities, American Society of Anesthesiologist scores of 3 and greater, reoperation, and a prolonged length of stay as independent risk factors for readmission. This analysis can be used to identify the standard of practice in synostosis care and enhance the implementation of ancillary care services to provide safe and cost-effective care for patients undergoing craniosynostosis repair.
Conclusions: Bilateral regional MNB, under direct vision trough the spheno palatine holes results an effective, easy, and safe method for pain relief during and after primary cleft palate repair surgeries. The combination of slight general anesthesia with local anesthesia and regional blocks, results a good option to reduce opioids utilization, to prevent neurotoxicity, respiratory depression, sickness, and vomiting facilitating early feeding and patient discharge.
Conclusions: Since 2009, author has selected the alveolar extension palatoplasty with complete muscle dissection and retro positioning, plus posterior pillars elongation with a hemi-uvula rotation and reconstruction as the procedure of choice for complete primary cleft palate repair. The utilization of the pre op mentioned parameters to identify cleft palate diversity and severity seems to be useful to select the correct strategy to perform cautious surgical procedures.
CONCLUSIONS: Multiple factors including malnutrition, risk of bleeding, procedural complexity, and cosmetic results may contribute to the distribution of procedures performed where most cleft palates are not treated. Based on previously published estimates, unmet needs and social burden of cleft lip and palate are high in the DRC. PMID: 32787585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study aimed to investigate changes in the incisional design of cheiloplasty according to patient position and anesthesia: upright and awake versus supine and under general anesthesia. Three-dimensional images of 20 infants with UCL were randomly selected. Two different incisional designs were drawn on the images captured while the infants were awake. Those incisional designs were anthropometrically compared to the designs drawn on the images captured while the infants were under general anesthesia. Under general anesthesia, vermillion height of both the medial and lateral sides of the cleft became significantly greate...
Conclusion: Single-staged reconstruction is still considered the first choice for nasal defect. The design of flap depends on the surrounding condition and the size of defect. Locoregional flaps are still considered as an ideal choice for nasal reconstruction in most patients. O–Z flap and modified auricular free flap could be an option for large-sized defect of nasal alar and nasal tip.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest increasing operative time as the predominant risk factor for intraoperative transfusion requirements. We encourage craniofacial surgeons to consider techniques to streamline the delivery of their selected procedure, in an effort to reduce operative time while minimizing the need for transfusion.
Background: Approximately one in 2000 babies are born with craniosynostosis, and primary open repair is typically performed before 1 year of age. Historically, the procedure has been associated with nearly 100 percent transfusion rates. To decrease the rates of transfusion, the authors’ center has developed a novel multimodal blood conservation protocol. Methods: The authors administered their standard of care to children aged 1 year or younger undergoing primary repair of craniosynostosis between 2008 and 2014. In 2014, the authors implemented the following protocol: (1) preoperative erythropoietin and ferrous ...
Conclusions: These data suggest that Hispanic and nonwhite patients tend to undergo craniosynostosis repair at older ages and to have lengthier operations than white/non-Hispanic patients. Although we were unable to examine the root cause(s) of these differences, delayed diagnosis is one factor that might result in surgery at an older age and more complex operations requiring open surgery. Prospective studies examining racial/ethnic disparities are needed to inform a comparison of outcomes associated with surgical approach.
Conclusion: On the basis of the effects of dexmedetomidine on microcirculation, we suggest that dexmedetomidine continue to be used as an anesthetic agent, and may be considered also for reconstructive procedures, particularly flap surgery.
Conclusion: Supraphysiologic delivery of macrophages to CSDs of mice had no effect on bone formation despite survival of transplanted macrophages through to 8 weeks posttransplantation. Further research into the physiological effects of macrophages on bone regeneration is needed to assess whether recapitulation of these conditions in macrophage-based therapy can promote the healing of large cranial defects.