Effect of Sorbus domestica and its active constituents in an experimental model of colitis rats induced by acetic acid
ConclusionIn this study, the potential of S. domestica in the treatment of colitis was investigated. Fruits of this plant were found to have important anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. Through isolation techniques, vanillic acid 4-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside, protocateuic acid anhydrite and trivanilloyl-(1,3,4-trihydroxybenzol) ester were determined as the main active components of the fruits. Consequently, S domestica might be a promising candidate for upcoming use the prevention and treatment of various disorders, such as inflammatory bowel diseases, irritable bowel syndrome and Clostridium difficile infection.Graphical abstract
Publication date: Available online 27 May 2020Source: SteroidsAuthor(s): Fabiano B. Carvalho, Andressa Bueno, Cibele L. Lhamas, Jessié M. Gutierres, Mariana B. Carvalho, Indiara Brusco, Sara M. Oliveira, Nathieli B. Bottari, Aniélen D. Silva, Vanessa Miron, Mariana S. Alves, Jossiele W. Leitemperger, Vânia L. Loro, Maria Rosa C. Schetinger, Vera M. Morsch, Cinthia M. de Andrade
CONCLUSIONS: Interestingly, the result of our study indicates that women are less willing to undergo the cryotherapy procedure if they have good knowledge about the cryotherapy procedure and its importance in cervical cancer's prevention. Providing higher quality and more accessible health facilities with cryotherapy services are important in influencing women's willingness to receive cryotherapy. Family support, in the form of permission given by spouses, and if they accompanied the patient to seek cryotherapy care are observed as factors influencing women's willingness to have the procedure.. PMID: 32458651 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: TA is as acceptable and safe as cryotherapy in screen and treat setting. TA has the logistic advantages for the low-resourced settings as the machines are more portable, do not require costly refrigerant gas and battery-driven models are available. The cure rates for CIN 1+ lesions in our study were comparable between cryotherapy and TA. PMID: 32458647 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: C. tiglium nano-extract exhibited ameliorative effect against the biochemical and molecular alterations induced by AOM in nano-extract post-treated group. PMID: 32458646 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Considering the economic and health benefits of all the strategies, our results suggested careHPV every 3 or 5 years and VIA/VILI every 1 or 3 years eventually were more appropriate as screening methods in rural China. PMID: 32458639 [PubMed - in process]
A, Gómez-Gutiérrez A Abstract The human being, throughout history, has used plants to prevent and cure diseases. It is important to know that for a long time, the mechanism through which those plants worked was unknown, making herbal medicine a purely empirical science. Medical prescriptions in the 19th century in the Kingdom of Nueva Granada were considered a significant medical advance, as a result of knowledge and medical practices in the old continent. Medical literature of the time achieved, despite the lack of studies, the development of new schemes with exact dosages and new therapeutic possi...
Publication date: Available online 27 May 2020Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): Fatima Ettalibi, Hamza Elmahdaoui, Jamila Amzil, Chemseddoha Gadhi, Hasnaâ Harrak
Purpose of review This review summarises the most recent evidence regarding the effects of diet in preventing and reducing age-related cognitive decline and neurodegenerative diseases. Recent findings Recent evidence indicates that nutraceuticals and whole diet approaches may protect against the development of age-related cognitive decline and pathological neurodegeneration. The neuroprotective effects are diverse depending on the nutrient employed and may involve a reduction of neuroinflammation, an activation of the endogenous antioxidant defence system and a modulation of the gut microbiota structure and function. ...
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2020Source: Food BioscienceAuthor(s): Qiong-Qiong Yang, Arakkaveettil Kabeer Farha, Li-Zeng Cheng, Gowoon Kim, Tongze Zhang, Harold Corke
Authors: Uchida T, Togashi H, Kuroda Y, Yamashita A, Itoh N, Haga K, Sadahiro M, Kayama T Abstract Reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide, hydroxyl radical, and hydrogen peroxide play an important role in the maintenance of life. However, production of excessive ROS and/or deficiency of the antioxidant system lead to oxidative stress and cause a variety of diseases. In the present study, we used electron spin resonance (ESR) to detect ROS in vivo to clarify its roles in redox dynamics and organ damage. However, the limited permeability of microwaves and low anatomic resolution of ESR equipment made it dif...