Everolimus inhibits the progression of ductal carcinoma in situ to invasive breast cancer via downregulation of MMP9 expression.

Conclusions: Targeting mTORC1 can inhibit DCIS progression to IDC via MMP9 and may be a potential strategy for DCIS or Early-Stage IDC therapy. PMID: 31871301 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research

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AbstractPurpose of ReviewBreast Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS) is an increasingly common diagnosis and already accounts for ~20% of screen-detected breast cancers. A subset of patients with DCIS will experience disease recurrence and some will die from breast cancer. Tailored strategies for treatment are lacking at this time. Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) is a tumor associated antigen that is shown to correlate with poorer outcomes among patients with early breast cancer, including DCIS. Significant interactions between the humoral and cellular branches of the immune system were observed in tumorigenesis...
Source: Current Breast Cancer Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of CTSV in DCIS. METHODS: CTSV protein expression was immunohistochemically assessed in a well-characterised and annotated cohort of DCIS comprising pure DCIS (n=776) and DCIS coexisting with IBC (n=239). CTSV expression was analysed in tumour cells and surrounding stroma, including its association with clinicopathological parameters and outcome. RESULTS: In pure DCIS, high CTSV expression was observed in 29% of epithelial tumour cells and 20% of surrounding stroma. High expression in both components was associated with features of poor prognosis inc...
Source: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Pathol Source Type: research
ConclusionThis demonstrates procoagulant phenotypic changes occur in fibroblasts at the preinvasive stage. Fibroblast procoagulant phenotype is associated with aggressive breast cancer subtypes and reduced survival. Coagulation may be a therapeutic target in breast cancer.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
AbstractThe risk of radiotherapy-induced malignancies (RIMs) is a concern when treating Li –Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) or Li–Fraumeni Like (LFL) patients. However, the type ofTP53 pathogenic germline variant may possibly influence this risk.TP53 p.R337H mutation is particularly prevalent in Brazil. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of patients with pathogenicTP53 variants treated for localized breast cancer in a Brazilian cohort. We evaluated retrospectively a cohort of patients with germlineTP53 pathogenic variants treated for localized breast cancer between December 1999 and October 2017. All patients were follo...
Source: Familial Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study sought to identify clinicopathological factors associated with upstaging and axillary metastasis in patients preoperatively diagnosed with DCIS by CNB.Materials and MethodsThis study identified 604 patients (cT1 ‐3N0M0) with preoperative diagnosis of pure DCIS by CNB who had undergone axillary evaluation from August 2006 to December 2015 at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (FUSCC). Predictors of upstaging and axillary lymph nodes metastasis were analyzed, respectively.ResultsOf all 604 patients, 121 (20.03%) and 193 (31.95%) patients were upstaged to DCIS with microinvasion (DCISM) and invasive breast c...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
ConclusionFurther functional studies to decipher the role of IDH2 and its mechanism of action as a driver of BC progression and LVI are warranted.
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Breast cancer is the most prevalent malignant tumor and main oncologic cause of mortality in women. Although most diagnosis of breast pathology is accomplished using hematoxylin and eosin stained sections, some cases require immunohistochemistry for proper evaluation. We investigated the latter cases including distinctions between ductal and lobular carcinoma, in situ and invasive carcinoma, typical ductal hyperplasia and atypical ductal hyperplasia/ductal carcinoma in situ, papillary and spindle cell lesion assessment, metastasis evaluation, and assessment of prognostic and therapy markers. E-cadherin is...
Source: Biotechnic and Histochemistry - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biotech Histochem Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The high consistency between the features of primary DCIS and those of subsequent IBC (in the rare but not negligible cases of local failure) should be borne in mind when considering the therapeutic options. Treatment de-escalation and accrual of patients for active surveillance trials could be appropriate for luminal-like precursors. PMID: 31446852 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
.M. van Deurzen The underlying mechanism of the progression of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), a non-obligate precursor of invasive breast cancer (IBC), has yet to be elucidated. In IBC, Apolipoprotein B mRNA Editing Enzyme, Catalytic Polypeptide-Like 3B (APOBEC3B) is upregulated in a substantial proportion of cases and is associated with higher mutational load and poor prognosis. However, APOBEC3B expression has never been studied in DCIS. We performed mRNA expression analysis of APOBEC3B in synchronous DCIS and IBC and surrounding normal cells. RNA was obtained from 53 patients. The tumors were categorized based on ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is widely recognized as the precursor of invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). We aimed to analyze the clinicopathological characteristics and clinical outcomes of coexisting DCIS component in IDC and its clinical significance according to molecular subtypes. METHODS: Data from 3001 patients with IDC (79.4%) and IDC/DCIS (20.6%) who underwent surgery from January 2009 to June 2016 were retrospectively assessed. The clinical outcomes of IDC with coexistent DCIS in different molecular subtypes were evaluated. RESULTS: IDC/DCIS patients were more likely to be younger (P 
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Cancer Res Clin Oncol Source Type: research
More News: Breast Cancer | Breast Carcinoma | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Carcinoma | Carcinoma in Situ | DCIS (Ductal Carcinoma in Situ) | Ductal Carcinoma | HER2