Risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea among train drivers.

CONCLUSIONS:The findings of this study indicated a high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea among locomotive drivers. Therefore, further research is warranted to re-evaluate the current screening regulations of diagnosing sleep apnea among locomotive drivers. PMID: 31868718 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Work - Category: Occupational Health Authors: Tags: Work Source Type: research

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Conclusion: A home physical exercise program is a useful and viable therapeutic measure for the management of OSAS.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Higher frequency of MetS and OSAS risk should be kept in mind on clinical follow-up of patients with epilepsy receiving monotherapy. PMID: 32769040 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
The objective of this article is to investigate the differences of carotid atherosclerosis patients with or without OSAHS by a cross-sectional research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with carotid atherosclerosis by ultrasonography were recruited. They were requested to fill the primary screening OSAHS questionnaire. Patients with high tendency of OSAHS underwent polysomnography (PSG) tests into OSAHS group, and patients without OSAHS were into non-OSAHS group. Blood tests and medical history were collected. Carotid atherosclerosis severity was analyzed by carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT), c...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
Background: Growth hormone (GH) stimulates the production of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) in most tissues and together GH and IGF-1 profoundly impact adipose tissue deposition, glucose metabolism and cardiovascular function. A low serum IGF-I level has been reported as being associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and might be one of the mechanisms underlying cardio-metabolic risk in OSA patients.Methods: In a multicenter national study, 817 patients consulting for suspicion of OSA (OSA confirmed for 567 patients) underwent serum IGF-1 measurements. We analyzed the association between an IGF-1 level below the...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeHyperlipidemia is the most important early atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease (CAD) indicator. Angiopoietin-like proteins (ANGPTLs) 3, 4, and 8 are lipid dysfunction markers that may be linked to CAD. We investigated whether these circulating ANGPTLs are associated with CAD in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).MethodsA total of 327 individuals participated in this study: 221 patients with OSA and CAD, 50 patients with OSA alone, and 56 controls. The Gensini Score was used to assess the severity of CAD. Serum ANGPTL3, ANGPTL4, and ANGPTL8 were measured in all subjects using Human Magnetic L...
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
This study followed nearly 2,000 adult men and women without CVD for five years. Participants wore wrist trackers to track sleep and activity. Study participants also completed a comprehensive sleep study and answered questions about their lives, including diet. Researchers found that irregular sleep duration increased the risk of heart disease. Those with the most irregular sleep duration and variable bedtimes had more than double the risk of developing heart disease, compared to those with less variability in sleep duration and more consistent bedtimes. Researchers think that multiple factors could link irregular sleep p...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Healthy Eating Heart Health Sleep Source Type: blogs
Abstract OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are common in subjects with severe obesity. It has been suggested that insulin resistance and systemic inflammation may play a role in the development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), but the mechanisms remain controversial. The aim of this study was to explore the influence of OSA on liver injury and its potential mechanisms in severely obese patients with NAFLD. METHODS: Severely obese patients requiring bariatric surgery were consecutively recruited between November 2017 and June 2018. Demographic, bioche...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are highly prevalent in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and dyslipidemia is an important factor. Atherogenic index of plasma (AIP, log[TG/HDL-C]) and apolipoproteinB to apolipoproteinAI ratio (apoB/apoAI ratio) are considered high quality predictors of cardiovascular risk. However, the associations between OSA severity and AIP and apoB/apoAI ratio remained unclear. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in 284 patients. Subjects were assessed with polysomnography (PSG) test, and OSA severity was defined by AHI. Data collected included anthropometric mea...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundCardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are highly prevalent in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and dyslipidemia is an important factor. Atherogenic index of plasma (AIP, log[TG/HDL-C]) and apolipoproteinB to apolipoproteinAI ratio (apoB/apoAI ratio) are considered high quality predictors of cardiovascular risk. However, the associations between OSA severity and AIP and apoB/apoAI ratio remained unclear.MethodsA retrospective study was performed in 284 patients. Subjects were assessed with polysomnography (PSG) test, and OSA severity was defined by AHI. Data collected included anthropometric measurements, medical h...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Korean patients with OSA frequently had comorbid metabolic syndrome. Moderate to severe OSA during REM sleep may be a predictor of metabolic syndrome. PMID: 31898193 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
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