National surveillance of food-borne botulism in Iran during 2011–2015

Food-borne botulism, a potentially lethal neuroparalytic disease, is also a health challenge with a variable prevalence rate in Iran. This work presents the results of a 5-year surveillance of botulism in Iran, with the distribution of the cases by regions and by vehicle of transmission. This descriptive-retrospective study was done on food-borne botulism poisoning cases reported to the Iran's Ministry of Health during 2011–2015. Data was collected by interview, examination and questionnaires. All the relevant and confirmed botulism outbreaks that occurred in the period under consideration are described. During these 5 years, 1743 cases of suspected botulism were reported from different clinical sources. A total of 99 (5.6%) cases confirmed as food-borne botulism of which the most occurred in West Azarbaijan, Guilan and Golestan provinces, respectively. The main causes of the food-borne botulism were consumption of nonpasteurized dairy products, spawn (a kind of caviar) and smoked fish. Twenty-six (26.2%) laboratory-confirmed incidents were caused by toxin type A, 21 (21.2%) by toxin type B and 15 (15.1%) by toxin type E. Among all confirmed patients, a total of 32 (32.3%) deaths were reported and the case-fatality rate ranged from 4% (in 2014) to 12% (in 2011). Though a relatively rare disease, botulism can be a serious problem of public health, particularly when connected with the consumption of traditional food products; moreover, in the last years, the shortage of s...
Source: Reviews in Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: BACTERIOLOGY Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Manuel Jorge Rial, Marcela Valverde, Victoria del Pozo, Francisco Javier González-Barcala, Carlos Martínez-Rivera, Xavier Muñoz, José María Olaguibel, Vicente Plaza, Elena Curto, Santiago Quirce, Pilar Barranco, Javier Domínguez-Ortega, Joaquin Mullol, César Picado, Antonio Valero, Irina Bobolea, Ebymar Arismendi, Paula Ribó, Joaquín Sastre
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Ribero S, Quaglino P, Sottile A, Fenu P, Sapino A PMID: 33034433 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
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Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Int J Microbiol Source Type: research
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Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak Infectious diseases Science World news France Trump administration Donald Trump Source Type: news
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Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak World news UK news US news Australia news Science Infectious diseases Source Type: news
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Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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