Optimal oral anticoagulant therapy in Chinese patients with mechanical heart valves.

CONCLUSIONS: In order to achieve optimal outcomes by maintaining effective anticoagulant dosing while entailing minimal risk in Chinese patients that have undergone a bileaflet mechanical valve replacement, the target INR range should be between 1.5 and 2.5, with the final intensity of this anticoagulant regimen being determined based on a given patient's risk of thromboembolism. PMID: 31866562 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharm Sci Source Type: research

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ConclusionsWe concluded that there was no significant difference between PVT patients presenting with subtherapeutic and high INR levels who received thrombolytic treatments regarding both minor and major bleeding complications as well as response to thrombolysis.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractPregnancy with a mechanical heart valve (MHV) is high risk for valve thrombosis because pregnancy is a hyper-coagulation state. In addition, warfarin use during pregnancy is restricted due to its fetotoxicity, and postpartum bleeding may be increased with anticoagulation. In particular, placenta previa under anticoagulation may cause massive postpartum bleeding. The optimal anticoagulation for a pregnant woman with mitral and aortic double MHVs is not known. In addition, suitable techniques for control of bleeding in a case of placenta previa under anticoagulation are not known. Thus, a case of a pregnant woman wit...
Source: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe management of patients with mechanical heart valves who require surgery or invasive procedures is a common clinical scenario in contemporary practice. The risk of thromboembolism versus the risk of bleeding is the foundation of optimal patient care.Recent FindingsRandomized, controlled trials are not available; yet, there is a wealth of experience to guide best practice. Current guidelines represent a compilation of data from trials of atrial fibrillation and expert opinion. Results from the PERI-OP trial of patients with either a mechanical heart valve, atrial fibrillation, or atrial flutter r...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractAimsPatients with concomitant atrial fibrillation (AF) and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) have poor prognosis. Outcomes of novel oral anticoagulant (NOAC) in elderly AF patients with normal, mid ‐range, and reduced LVEF were investigated.Methods and resultsData were retrieved from Chang Gung Research Database during 2010 –2017 for patients with AF. We excluded patients with venous thromboembolism within 6 months, total knee/hip replacement and heart valve replacement within 6 months, end‐stage renal disease, stroke/systemic embolism (SE)/death within 7 days, age
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo evaluate the efficacy of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) in women with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) on anticoagulant therapy.Recent FindingsProspective observational case series (Canadian Task Force Classification II-3) at University-affiliated teaching hospital. From January 2002 through December 2019, three premenopausal women on warfarin therapy were identified from our clinical practice. After clinical assessment, including Papanicolaou smear, endometrial biopsy, and pelvic sonography, a GnRHa was used to treat their AUB. Two women were receiving warfarin therapy (5 –...
Source: Current Obstetrics and Gynecology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesTo assess whether high doses of Low Molecular Weight Heparin (LMWH) (i.e. Enoxaparin 70 IU/kg twice daily) compared to standard prophylactic dose (i.e., Enoxaparin 4000 IU once day), in hospitalized patients with COVID19 not requiring Invasive Mechanical Ventilation [IMV], are:more effective in preventing clinical worsening, defined as the occurrence of at least one of the following events, whichever comes first:DeathAcute Myocardial Infarction [AMI]Objectively confirmed, symptomatic arterial or venous thromboembolism [TE]Need of either:Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (Cpap) or Non-Invasive Ventilatio...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
RARITAN, NJ, March 28, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson today announced the VOYAGER PAD study met its primary efficacy and principal safety endpoints, demonstrating the XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) vascular dose (2.5 mg twice daily) plus aspirin (100 mg once daily) was superior to aspirin alone in reducing the risk of major adverse limb and cardiovascular (CV) events by 15 percent in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization, with similar rates of TIMI[1] major bleeding. VOYAGER PAD is the only study to show a significant benefit...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
RARITAN, N.J., March 20, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today that it will unveil late-breaking data from its leading cardiovascular and metabolism portfolio during the virtual American College of Cardiology’s 69th Annual Scientific Session together with the World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC) on March 28-30, 2020. Notably, four late-breaking abstracts for XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) will be presented, including data from the Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD study in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization.Click to ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Bleeding and thromboembolic complications were common in MHV prosthesis patients in this study. Long duration of anticoagulation, albeit sub-optimal control, was a risk factor for bleeding and thromboembolic complications in these patients. Therefore, long-term efforts are necessary to address these complications and possibly improve the quality of life of these patients. PMID: 32181794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiovasc J Afr Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis is the largest series to date reporting>30-day follow-up for patients undergoing venous ablation procedures while receiving anticoagulation and the longest follow-up reported of any series. Durability, safety, and efficacy of vein ablation in patients receiving anticoagulation are comparable to those in control patients. Anticoagulation should not be considered a contraindication to endothermal ablation of the GSV or SSV for symptomatic venous reflux.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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