Communicative and swallowing disorders in anoxic patients: A retrospective studyon clinical outcomes and performance measures.

CONCLUSIONS: An early multidisciplinary management of communicative-linguistic and swallowing functions is crucial in order to prevent adverse events and to plan a tailored rehabilitation pathway. PMID: 31868687 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

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Conclusion The multinomial ex-Gaussian modeling approach appears to be a promising and straightforward way to estimate optimal RT cutoffs in picture naming in aphasia. Limitations and future directions are discussed. PMID: 32073336 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research
Abstract The aim of this paper is to integrate different bodies of research including brain traveling waves, brain neuromodulation, neural field modeling and post-stroke language disorders in order to explore the opportunity of implementing model-guided, cortical neuromodulation for the treatment of post-stroke aphasia. Worldwide according to WHO, strokes are the second leading cause of death and the third leading cause of disability. In ischemic stroke, there is not enough blood supply to provide enough oxygen and nutrients to parts of the brain, while in hemorrhagic stroke, there is bleeding within the enclosed ...
Source: Biological Cybernetics - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Biol Cybern Source Type: research
ConclusionRegardless of its rarity, it is evident that damage in the left SMA usually results in a clinical syndrome that clearly corresponds to aphasia. Interpreting this as an aphasia can aid in overcoming the limited idea of a “language zone” located in the perisylvian area of the left hemisphere, that was proposed over one century ago.
Source: Journal of Neurolinguistics - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
Too much going on for one post today.1. Sock puppet?We have a reader who is obsessed with his false conclusion that the commenter Don Quixote is actually my sock puppet. I ask you please to stop wasting your time and mine with this delusion. We do know each other, but we have seen each other once in the past 15 years or so. I live in Connecticut and he lives in the midwest, more than 1,000 miles away. Whatever I have to say, I am more than happy to say in my own name, and I do. BTW I am not known as Michael.2. Mad KingYour Intertubes are all aflutter with speculation and discussion about the neurodegenerative disease many ...
Source: Stayin' Alive - Category: American Health Source Type: blogs
It is uncontroversial in psychological research that different schedules of practice, which govern the distribution of practice over time, can promote radically different outcomes in terms of gains in performance and durability of learning. In contrast, in speech–language treatment research, there is a critical need for well-controlled studies examining the impact of distribution of treatment on efficacy. In this article, we enumerate key findings from psychological research on learning and memory regarding how different schedules of practice differentially confer durable learning. We review existing studies of aphas...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
This study investigates learning in aphasia as manifested through automatic priming effects. There is growing evidence that people with aphasia have impairments beyond language processing that could affect their response to treatment. Therefore, better understanding these mechanisms would be beneficial for improving methods of rehabilitation. This study assesses semantic and repetition priming effects at varied interstimulus intervals, using stimuli that are both nonlinguistic and linguistic in tasks that range from requiring nearly no linguistic processing to requiring both lexical and semantic processing. Results indicat...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: Although the present results are preliminary, they open the possibility that novel word learning practice in aphasia may stimulate remaining word learning mechanisms in aphasia and thereby influence language and verbal STM abilities. These results also suggest that preservation of novel word learning ability in aphasia in part depends on the integrity of the left arcuate track.
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
In this study, no differences were observed between individuals with aphasia and control participants on behavioral measures of accuracy and response time, though accuracies overall were lower than those of prior studies examining this task in young adults. Eye gaze data demonstrated that over the course of training, controls and individuals with aphasia learned to reduce the number of looks to the feature of lowest diagnosticity, suggestive of optimized attentional allocation. Eye gaze patterns, however, did not show increased looking or look times to all features of highest diagnosticity, which has been seen in young adu...
Source: Topics in Language Disorders - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: The Arts in Psychotherapy, Volume 67Author(s): Laura L. Wood, Dani Bryant, Kerryann Scirocco, Hia Datta, Susan Alimonti, Dave MowersAbstractAphasia, most often caused by brain damage due to stroke, is a language disorder hindering one's ability to verbally express and/or comprehend language, ranging in severity from mild to severe. An Applied Thematic Analysis (ATA) was undertaken of a post-production focus group to evaluate a 12-week pilot program that used the CoActive Therapeutic Theater (CoATT) Model for persons in Aphasia recovery. Results of a focus group interview found five th...
Source: Arts in Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
In this study, 20 PPA patients and 25 healthy controls were recruited in the Primary Progressive Aphasia program in the Massachusetts General Hospital Frontotemporal Disorders Unit. We used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography to reconstruct the MdLF and extract tract-specific DTI metrics (fractional anisotropy (FA), radial diffusivity (RD), mean diffusivity (MD) and axial diffusivity (AD)) to assess white matter changes in PPA and their relationship with language impairments. We found severe WM damage in the MdLF in PPA patients, which was principally pronounced in the left hemisphere. Moreover, the WM alterations ...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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