Advances in umami taste and aroma of edible mushrooms
Publication date: Available online 23 December 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Li-bin Sun, Zhi-yong Zhang, Guang Xin, Bing-xin Sun, Xiu-jing Bao, Yun-yun Wei, Xue-mei Zhao, He-ran XuAbstractBackgroundEdible mushrooms have been used as food and medicine materials for thousands of years, and the yield of cultivatable edible mushrooms has increased in recent years. The increased consumption of edible mushrooms is not only due to their nutritional value, but also to their unique taste and specific flavor. As consumer awareness of food sensory qualities increases, umami taste and aroma have become important factors affecting consumer choices. There are many factors affecting umami taste and aroma of edible mushrooms, such as cultivation conditions, species, maturity, grading, parts of mushrooms, and processing and storage methods. However, the mechanisms underlying the variations in umami taste and aroma components of different mushrooms are still unclear.Scope and approachIn this review, traditional umami components, novel umami peptides, and aroma compounds are discussed, as well as the perception of umami taste and aroma. Based on a combination of human sensory evaluation and instrumental analysis, changes in the composition of these components in edible mushrooms are summarized, and the metabolic pathways and biochemical reactions involved in these changes are also discussed.Key findings and conclusionsThe umami taste and aroma of edible mushrooms ...
Publication date: Available online 3 June 2020Source: The Journal of Molecular DiagnosticsAuthor(s): Anthony N. Sireci, Jay L. Patel, Loren Joseph, Matthew C. Hiemenz, Oana C. Rosca, Samuel K. Caughron, Sarah A. Thibault-Sennett, Tara L. Burke, Dara L. Aisner
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Theodore Vougiouklakis, Brendan J. Belovarac, Andrew Lytle, Luis Chiriboga, Ugur Ozerdem
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Hyeongjoo Kim, Taewan Kim, Gunn Jaygal, Jongsoo Woo, Chang-Jin Kim, Moo-Jun Baek, Dongjun Jeong
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Qian Wu, Weiya Wang, Ping Zhou, Yiyun Fu, Ying Zhang, Yang W. Shao, Lili Jiang
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle SurgeryAuthor(s): Sergio Agudiez Calvo, Jorge Ballesteros de Frutos, Héctor Raúl Cabezas García, Daniel Pecos Martin, Tomás Gallego Izquierdo
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): Alexandre Hardy, Guillaume Lefebvre
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Journal of Orthopaedic TranslationAuthor(s): Zihao He, Linyang Chu, Xuqiang Liu, Xuequan Han, Kai Zhang, Mengning Yan, Xiaofeng Li, Zhifeng Yu
Publication date: Available online 3 June 2020Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and TraumaAuthor(s): Alaa A. Dawood
This study aims to assess whether older adults with low muscle mass or strength, in the presence of obesity, have an increased risk of knee (TKR) and hip replacement (THR) over 13 years. 1082 community-dwelling older adults (51% women; mean age 62.9 ± 7.5 years) were studied at baseline and multiple time points over 13 years. The incidence of TKR and THR was determined by data linkage to National Joint Replacement Registry. Appendicular lean and fat mass were measure d using DXA. Lower-limb muscle strength (LMS) was assessed by dynamometer. Low muscle mass and strength were defined as t...
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Journal of OptometryAuthor(s): Tahereh Rakhshandadi, Mohamad-Reza Sedaghat, Farshad Askarizadeh, Hamed Momeni-Moghaddam, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Abbasali Yekta, Foroozan Narooie-Noori