4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal in food products: A review of the toxicity, occurrence, mitigation strategies and analysis methods

Publication date: Available online 24 December 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Hongxia Liao, Mengting Zhu, Yi ChenAbstractBackgroundLipid peroxidation yields a large number of aldehydes and carbonyl-containing compounds, of which the reactive and toxic compound 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE) derived from ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-6 PUFAs) is the most extensively studied. The high reactivity of 4-HNE enables this compound to crosslink with various biomolecules and thus contribute to the pathological processes of several diseases, such as atherosclerosis, cancer, diabetes mellitus, and neurodegenerative disorders.Scope and approachFrom the perspective of food safety, the emergence of lipid peroxidation contaminants in foodstuffs remains a major concern of consumers, health departments, and industries. This review highlights the latest developments regarding the formation pathways, toxicity, analysis methods, occurrence in foodstuff, and mitigation strategies for 4-HNE. Future prospects on measuring and controlling 4-HNE in food are also discussed.Key findings and conclusions: The determination of 4-HNE levels in different types of foods indicates that PUFAs-rich vegetable oil and oil-based food are major intake sources of 4-HNE. Considering the toxicity of 4-HNE, sensitive detection techniques combined with feasible control methods should be an effective solution for food quality maintenance and safety assurance. However, current d...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research

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Source: Physiotherapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Urologic Oncology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Urol Oncol Source Type: research
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