Current paradigms in the prehospital care of exertional heat illness: A review

Exertional heat illness, including muscle cramps, heat syncope, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke, occur each year in athletes and military soldiers. Exertional heat stroke, the most concerning type of exertional heat illness, is a life-threatening condition defined clinically by a core body temperature greater than 104° F (40°C) and central nervous system dysfunction. Heat stroke may lead to multiorgan failure and death and is one of the leading causes of nontraumatic death in athletes participating in outdoor activities. Current recommendations are discussed regarding prehospital and first responder care of exertional heat illness, particularly heat stroke, with an emphasis on rapid recognition, assessment, and implementation of cooling and advanced care strategies. This overview is of particular interest to orthopaedic team physicians who often are first responders on the field.
Source: Current Orthopaedic Practice - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Special Focus: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe time from the occurrence of heat stroke death to the discovery of death tended to be longer in unmarried, non-elderly persons.
Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32026469 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Physiology - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: J Physiol Source Type: research
Journal of the American Chemical SocietyDOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b13936
Source: Journal of the American Chemical Society - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Heat stroke is an emergent condition characterized by hyperthermia (>40  °C/>104 °F) and nervous system dysregulation. There are two primary etiologies: exertional which occurs during physical activity and non-exertional which occurs durin...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Researchers have produced a hypothesis of transient heat intolerance (HI) after exertional heat stroke (EHS). Based on this hypothesis, heat-tolerance testing (HTT) has been postponed until weeks 6 to 8 after EHS and other types of exertional heat illness (EHI). We compared the HTT results of participants after either EHS or other EHI who were tested earlier (6-week group) to verify the hypothesis. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Data obtained from records of military athletes who experienced EHS or EHI. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: All participants who underwent HTT after EHI ...
Source: J Athl Train - Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research
Heat stroke is an emergent condition characterized by hyperthermia (>40  °C/>104  °F) and nervous system dysregulation. There are two primary etiologies: exertional which occurs during physical activity and non-exertional which occurs during extreme heat events without physical exertion. Left untreated, both may lead to significant morbidity, are considered a special circumst ance for cardiac arrest and cause of mortality.
Source: Resuscitation - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractHeat stroke (HS) is a fatal disease caused by thermal damage in the body, and it has a very high mortality rate. In 2015, the People ’s Liberation Army Professional Committee of Critical Care Medicine published the first expert consensus on HS in China,Expert consensus on standardized diagnosis and treatment for heat stroke. With an increased understanding of HS and new issues that emerged during the HS treatment in China in recent years, the 2015 consensus no longer meet the requirements for HS prevention and treatment. It is necessary to update the consensus to include the latest research evidence and estab...
Source: Military Medical Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Hirayama I, Inokuchi R, Ueda Y, Doi K PMID: 31915313 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This nurse-driven technology offers a new means to rapidly deploy cooling to critically ill patients without needing to implement advanced surgical approaches or obstruct access to the patient, freeing the provider to continue optimal care in high-morbidity conditions.
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Case Study Source Type: research
(University of Missouri-Columbia) One day, soldiers could cool down on the military battlefield -- preventing heat stroke or exhaustion -- by using 'wearable air conditioning,' an on-skin device designed by engineers at the University of Missouri. The device, which provides approximately 11 degrees Fahrenheit of cooling to the human body, includes numerous human health care applications such as the ability to monitor blood pressure, electrical activity of the heart and the level of skin hydration.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
More News: Heatstroke | Orthopaedics | Sports Medicine | Stroke