The burden of mental disorders across the states of India: the Global Burden of Disease Study 1990–2017

In this report, we describe the prevalence and disease burden of each mental disorder for the states of India, from 1990 to 2017.MethodsWe used all accessible data from multiple sources to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders, years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) caused by these disorders for all the states of India from 1990 to 2017, as part of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study. We assessed the heterogeneity and time trends of mental disorders across the states of India. We grouped states on the basis of their Socio-demographic Index (SDI), which is a composite measure of per-capita income, mean education, and fertility rate in women younger than 25 years. We also assessed the association of major mental disorders with suicide deaths. We calculated 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs) for the point estimates.FindingsIn 2017, 197·3 million (95% UI 178·4–216·4) people had mental disorders in India, including 45·7 million (42·4–49·8) with depressive disorders and 44·9 million (41·2–48·9) with anxiety disorders. We found a significant, but modest, correlation between the prevalence of depressive disorders and suicide death rate at the state level for females (r2=0·33, p=0·0009) and males (r2=0·19, p=0·015). The contribution of mental disorders to the total DALYs in India increased from 2·5% (...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Roger W. ByardAbstractIn previous years individuals with tattoos were thought to have a higher rate of mental illness and risk taking behaviour. With the widespread adoption of tattoos in Western countries in recent years this negative association has been questioned. An issue which arises, however, is that “tattooing” is a heterogeneous activity that covers a wide spectrum of designs and motivations. To examine the characteristics of individuals presenting to medicolegal autopsy with “expletive tat...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objectiv:e to analyze the relationship of anxiety and depression in the preoperative period with the presence of pain in the postoperative period. Method: cohort study conducted at a university hospital in the state of Minas Gerais (Brazil), between february and July 2017, with 65 patients. A collection instrument was elaborated for the demographic and clinical characteristics. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used to assess anxiety and depression; pain intensity was measured using the Verbal Numerical Scale. Data were submitted to descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. Results: according t...
Source: Texto e Contexto - Enfermagem - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusion: it is necessary to invest in the practice of religiosity, spirituality and personal beliefs, as a health strategy, since they have shown an impact on the decrease of depression and a significant increase in quality of life.RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la relaci ón de predictores sociodemográficos, morbilidad, puntaje indicativo de depresión, así como el papel mediador de la religiosidad, espiritualidad y creencias personales sobre la calidad de vida. Método: estudio transversal realizado entre marzo y julio de 2016, con 613 personas mayores aplicando instrumentos Spirituality, R...
Source: Texto e Contexto - Enfermagem - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Self-injurious behavior (SIB) occurs in up to 50% of individuals with autism. As one of the most serious conditions in individuals with developmental disabilities, SIB affects the individual and his or her family in multiple contexts. A systematic analysis...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Self-harm (SH) is among the strongest risk factors for eventual suicide death yet there are limited data on which interventions are most effective for treating SH in youth. METHODS: This single-blind, pilot randomized controlled trial e...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide, with several risk factors, including a family history of mental disorders (FHMD) and interpersonal violence. The relationship between these risk factors needs further investigation. AIM: Ad...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Adolescent suicide ideation (SI) has received increased attention in recent years, and emotion reactivity (ER) has been found to be a risk factor for SI. However, little is known about the mediating and moderating mechanisms underlying this rel...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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