A population-based study of the humanistic burden among cancer patients in Japan.

This study broadly examined the cancer burden in terms of; Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL), work productivity and activity impairment (WPAI), stress-related comorbidities, and indirect costs in patients diagnosed with i) any type of cancer, ii) breast cancer, iii) colorectal cancer, compared to controls without cancer.Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study used data from the 2017 Japan National Health and Wellness Survey (NHWS). Patient outcomes included self-reported stress-related comorbidities, HRQoL assessed by Short Form 12-item Health Survey and EuroQoL 5-dimension scale (EQ-5D), and work productivity and indirect costs assessed by WPAI questionnaire. Multivariate analysis was performed to compare outcomes across groups. An ad-hoc analysis compared respondents currently and currently not receiving prescription medication (Rx).Results: A total of 1,540 patients with any type of cancer, 254 with breast cancer, 144 with colorectal cancer were included in the analyses and compared to 28,070 controls without cancer. After adjusting for potential confounding effects patients with any type of cancer had significantly lower mental component summary scores (45.70 vs. 46.45, p = 0.003), physical component summary scores (48.95 vs. 50.02, p 
Source: Journal of Medical Economics - Category: Health Management Tags: J Med Econ Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: The results of the present study suggest that pembrolizumab seems less effective in the real-life population than in the pivotal clinical trials in patients with NSCLC but remains an effective treatment option for patients with NSCLC. Longer follow-up is needed. PMID: 32458769 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Nonrandomized comparison of different surgical approaches is challenging. In our experience, 3D-VATS was safe and effective and offered excellent operative perception and sensitivity, enabling safer dissection of hilar structures. The 3D-VATS system helped skilled surgeons beyond the boundaries of more oncologically aggressive surgery. PMID: 32458749 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
Authors: PMID: 32458661 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
Authors: Namayandeh SM, Khazaei Z, Lari Najafi M, Goodarzi E, Moslem A Abstract OBJECTIVE: Cancer is the second leading cause of death in children under 15 and leukemia is the most common type of cancer in this age group.  The aim of the present study is to investigate the incidence and mortality of leukemia in children aged 0-14 years and its relationship with Human Development Index (HDI in different countries of the world.  Methods: Incidence and mortality rates were obtained from GLOBOCAN and Country's income from World Bank. The data analysis was conducted using correlation analysis. The association ...
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The patterns of care and treatment outcomes were potentially consistent with world standards, needing future validation. This is the largest study of newly diagnosed nasopharyngeal cancer in Indonesia, a huge disease burden, providing an important basis for the clinical management of this disease. PMID: 32458659 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
Authors: Atef N, Alieldin N, Sherif G, Loay I, Mostafa Mahmoud A, Mohamed G Abstract BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) in Egypt is a relatively high young onset disease. As a form of heterogeneous cancer, there is interplay between genetic and environmental factors. We aimed at probing the association of life style factors and Microsatellite Instability (MSI) status that could provide more insights on carcinogenic process of CRC. METHODS: One hundred incident sporadic CRC patients were involved. Information on risk factors of CRC was obtained and microsatellite instability status was predicted through evaluat...
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The study showed disparity in the expression of HER-2/neu in OSCC, which is due to multiple reasons. Therefore therapy against HER-2/neu in OSCC is debatable. PMID: 32458657 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our result revealed that the frequency of EBV infection is higher in HISL than LSIL.  Moreover, the amount of HPV load showed an elevated level among co-infected patients, which indicates that EBV might be an enhancing factor of disease progression. In contrast, HSV may not has a role as a co-factor in cervical lesions pathogenesis. PMID: 32458656 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our findings of overexpression of LAT1 in negative HER2 group suggest a role of this protein as prognosticator and drug target in a challenging therapeutic cohort.. PMID: 32458655 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: So, the association of RAD51 (rs1801320) and XRCC2 (rs3218536) genes polymorphism with colorectal cancer risk is observed in Bangladeshi population. PMID: 32458654 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
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