When music is medicine

From autism to Alzheimer's disease, music therapy is a growing profession that's being to used to help patients of all ages.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Discussion We have found that, in the human genome, the promoter regions of ID-associated genes are uniquely enriched in MER41 LTRs. More specifically, nine ID-associated genes that are putatively important in cognitive evolution exhibit MER41 LTRs in their promoter regions. As more than 100 families of HERV are integrated into our genome, it was important to determine whether our findings are specific to MER41 and to ID-associated genes, and if so to what extent. Among the 133 families of HERV explored here, MER41 is the only family whose LTRs were found with statistically high frequency in the promoter regions of ID-ass...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions: These findings support the notion that MS patients exhibit an altered multisensory perception in the SiFi task and that their susceptibility to the perceptual illusion is negatively correlated with their neuropsychological test performance. Since MS lesions affect white matter tracts and cortical regions which seem to be involved in the transfer and processing of both crossmodal and cognitive information, this might be one possible explanation for our findings. SiFi might be considered as a brief, non-expensive, language- and education-independent screening test for cognitive deficits in MS patients. Intr...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Improved memory and reduced anxiety in δ-catenin transgenic mice. Exp Neurol. 2019 Apr 11;: Authors: Ryu T, Park HJ, Kim H, Cho YC, Kim BC, Jo J, Seo YW, Choi WS, Kim K Abstract δ-Catenin is abundant in the brain and affects its synaptic plasticity. Furthermore, loss of δ-catenin is related to the deficits of learning and memory, mental retardation (cri-du-chat syndrome), and autism. A few studies about δ-catenin deficiency mice were performed. However, the effect of δ-catenin overexpression in the brain has not been investigated as yet. Therefore we generated a δ-c...
Source: Experimental Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research
Novel Contribution of Secreted Amyloid-β Precursor Protein to White Matter Brain Enlargement in Autism Spectrum Disorder Deborah K. Sokol1, Bryan Maloney2, Cara J. Westmark3 and Debomoy K. Lahiri2,4* 1Pediatrics Section, Department of Neurology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, United States2Indiana Alzheimers Disease Center, Department of Psychiatry, Stark Neuroscience Research Institute, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, United States3Department of Neurology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, United States4Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana Un...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
The Boston University breakthrough could lead to people wearing skull caps or gaming style headset devices to treat a host of neurological disorders - from dementia to autism.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Martin SC, Monroe SK, Diering GH Abstract Sleep is an essential physiological behavior that promotes cognitive development and function. Although the switch between sleep/wake cycles is controlled by specific neural circuits, sleep need and the restorative benefits of sleep are likely controlled by cellular mechanisms localized in critical areas of the brain involved in learning and memory including the cortex and hippocampus. However, the molecular basis for the restorative function(s) of sleep that support cognition, or for the homeostatic build-up of sleep need are poorly understood. Synapses undergo lo...
Source: The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine - Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Yale J Biol Med Source Type: research
Authors: Malegiannaki AC, Katsarou D, Liolios A, Zisi V Abstract Individuals with Down Syndrome (DS) are commonly characterized by unique neurocognitive and neurobehavioural profiles that emerge within specific stages in the developmental continuum. A plethora of studies have confirmed DS's relationship to premature aging and subsequent cognitive decline. Due to having three copies of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene which results in amyloid-beta plaque deposition, the cognitive decline often resembles the decline observed in Alzheimer's disease. More specifically, as individuals with DS mature in age (>...
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
[GroundUp] If you go scuba-diving and come up to the surface too fast, you might need Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy. But, experts warn, it can't treat cancer, stroke, Alzheimer's disease, autism, or arthritis, as some quack outfits are claiming.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 9 March 2019Source: Neurochemistry InternationalAuthor(s): C.J. CarterAbstractPrenatal and early childhood infections have been implicated in autism. Many autism susceptibility genes (206 Autworks genes) are localised in the immune system and are related to immune/infection pathways. They are enriched in the host/pathogen interactomes of 18 separate microbes (bacteria/viruses and fungi) and to the genes regulated by bacterial toxins, mycotoxins and Toll-like receptor ligands. This enrichment was also observed for misregulated genes from a microarray study of leukocytes from autistic toddl...
Source: Neurochemistry International - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 March 2019Source: NeuroImageAuthor(s): Kamalaker Dadi, Mehdi Rahim, Alexandre Abraham, Darya Chyzhyk, Michael Milham, Bertrand Thirion, Gaël Varoquaux, for the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging InitiativeAbstractFunctional connectomes reveal biomarkers of individual psychological or clinical traits. However, there is great variability in the analytic pipelines typically used to derive them from rest-fMRI cohorts. Here, we consider a specific type of studies, using predictive models on the edge weights of functional connectomes, for which we highlight the best modeling choices. We sy...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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