Diet drug controversy as US approves meds rejected by Europe

The decision from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to allow two anti-obesity drugs to be marketed in the US has been called into question by a senior doctor publishing in the BMJ. Dr. Sidney Wolfe, founder of the health research group at Public Citizen, says that the fact these drugs have been banned by the European regulator "puts the FDA to shame." Belviq (lorcaserin) and Qsymia (phentermine plus topiramate) are available as anti-obesity drugs in the US...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Obesity / Weight Loss / Fitness Source Type: news

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Authors: Ventura CG, Roque FL, Sousa IQ, Lobo RD, Luders C Abstract INTRODUCTION: Chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients are considered to be at high risk for infection. Here, we describe the clinical outcomes of chronic HD patients with influenza A (H1N1) infection and the strategies adopted to control an outbreak of influenza A in a dialysis unit. METHODS: Among a total of 62 chronic HD patients, H1N1 infection was identified in 12 (19.4%). Of the 32 staff members, four (12.5%) were found to be infected with the H1N1 virus. Outcomes included symptoms at presentation, comorbidities, occurrence of hypoxemia, hospit...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Purpose of review To review the evidence regarding a decrease in worldwide sperm parameters and discuss potential causative factors. Recent findings The topic of worldwide decline in sperm parameters is contentious; however, recent high-quality studies have demonstrated that there is indeed a decline in sperm parameters. Several retrospective and basic science studies have shown possible links for this decline in sperm parameters such as obesity, diet, and environmental toxins. Summary There exist substantial data to suggest a decline in sperm counts over time. Although causative factors have yet to be fully elucid...
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: GENDER MEDICINE, INFERTILITY AND ERECTILE FUNCTION: Edited by Ryan Flannigan and Ranjith Ramasamy Source Type: research
Purpose of review Several studies suggest a strong association between leptin, obesity, and infertility with respect to the hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal (HPG) axis, androgen regulation, and sperm production, but the direct mechanistic association between these is still largely unexplored. This review focuses on understanding the association between leptin, obesity, and male infertility. Recent findings Obesity is linked to fertility dysfunction in both genders. Obesity in men may affect their fertility by impaired spermatogenesis, reduced testosterone levels, erectile dysfunction, and poor libido by puta...
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: GENDER MEDICINE, INFERTILITY AND ERECTILE FUNCTION: Edited by Ryan Flannigan and Ranjith Ramasamy Source Type: research
Hello. Looking for any input on this challenging case. 58 yo male, obese. neoadj chemo (carbo/taxol)-XRT (50.4 Gy total dose as 41.4 then boost gross disease) for cT3N0 GE junction adeno completed 7/2018. Ivor Lewis Esophagectomy 10/2018 with 4mm residual disease ypT1bN2 (4 nodes + out of 18 submitted). 1 year later (11/2018) on imaging he has a high level 4R mediastinal node look slightly larger. It is above his anastomosis (at carina) and above his prior radiation. It's hot on PET... Esophageal nodal failure -
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Radiation Oncology Source Type: forums
Conclusions: The prevalence of suspected NAFLD continues to increase in Korean adolescents.Abbreviations: ALT, alanine aminotransferase; BMI, body mass index; KNHANES, Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; NAFLD, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. PMID: 32223545 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Paediatrics and international child health - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Paediatr Int Child Health Source Type: research
(Oxford University Press USA) A new paper in the American Journal of Hypertension, published by Oxford University Press, finds that mat Pilates may be an effective strategy to improve cardiovascular health for young obese women, a population that is at risk for hypertension and early vascular complications.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Contributors : Lucas C Pantaleao ; Susan E Ozanne ; Ania WilczynskaSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Mus musculusObesity during pregnancy is associated with fetal growth restriction in the offspring. We used RNA next generation sequencing analysis (HiSeq2000) to have a snapshot of the placenta transcriptome at embryonic day 19 to examine whether mice exposed to maternal obesity had significant changes in their transcriptome which may lead to growth restriction in the fetus.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Mus musculus Source Type: research
The 2020 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Clinical Practice Guideline on the Evaluation and Management of Candidates for Kidney Transplantation is intended to assist health care professionals worldwide who evaluate and manage potential candidates for deceased or living donor kidney transplantation. This guideline addresses general candidacy issues such as access to transplantation, patient demographic and health status factors, immunological and psychosocial assessment. The roles of various risk factors and comorbid conditions governing an individual’s suitability for transplantation such as adherenc...
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
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