Selected isolates of Trichoderma gamsii induce different pathways of systemic resistance in maize upon Fusarium verticillioides challenge

Publication date: Available online 19 December 2019Source: Microbiological ResearchAuthor(s): Stefania Galletti, Roberta Paris, Stefano CianchettaAbstractThe pink ear rot is one of the most damaging maize diseases, caused by the mycotoxigenic fungal pathogen, Fusarium verticillioides. The application of biological control agents, like antagonistic and/or resistance inducer microorganisms, is an option to reduce fungal infection and kernel contamination in a sustainable and environmentally friendly way. It is well known that Trichoderma species are non-pathogenic fungi able to antagonize plant pathogens and to induce systemic resistance in plants. The present work aimed to verify if Trichoderma spp., applied to maize kernels, affect the plant growth and induce systemic responses to F. verticillioides. Besides, the capability to reduce fumonisin concentration in liquid cultures was investigated. Two T. gamsii (IMO5 and B21), and one T. afroharzianum (B75) isolates, selected both for antagonism and for the ability to reduce root infections, significantly reduced the endophytic development of the stem-inoculated pathogen, compared to the control. The mechanisms of action appeared to be strain-specific, with IMO5 enhancing transcript levels of marker genes of Induced Systemic Resistance (ZmLOX10, ZmAOS, and ZmHPL) while B21 enhancing marker genes of Systemic Acquired Resistance (ZmPR1 and ZmPR5), as evinced by measuring their expression profiles in the leaves. Moreover, IMO5 promo...
Source: Microbiological Research - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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