Comparison of expected and observed outcomes for septal myectomy in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

ConclusionsSeptal myectomy, performed in a tertiary referral center, had a 30-day mortality rate of 0% and low morbidity rate. There was no difference between observed myectomy mortality and STS Calculator predicted risk for AVR and MV repair. It is possible that a larger sample could reveal lower mortality than STS prediction.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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Authors: Marshall MR Abstract There are a number of misconceptions around the identified early survival benefit of peritoneal dialysis (PD) relative to hemodialysis (HD), including that such benefits "even out in the end" since the relative risk of death over time eventually encompasses 1.0 (or even an estimate that is unfavorable to PD); that the early benefit is, in fact, most likely due to unmeasured confounding; and such benefits are only due to the influence of central venous catheters and "crash starters" in the HD group. In fact, the early survival benefit results in a substantial gain of...
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
Authors: Lew SQ, Sikka N Abstract The 2018 Bipartisan Budget Act in the United States extended telehealth access to Medicare beneficiaries who receive home dialysis in which two of three monthly visits in a quarter may be performed by telehealth after three initial face-to-face monthly visits. The originating site (where the patient is located) can be a dialysis unit or the patient's home and without geographic restriction. Patient awareness and interest in this new telehealth benefit in urban patients has not been well characterized. Patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatment located in an urban facilit...
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Long-term survival following EPS managed conservatively with nutritional support is feasible, with the majority no longer requiring nutritional support and having a quality of life similar to other patients with ESKD. PMID: 32067553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Postulated transient increases in peritoneal capillary surface area were unnecessary to predict the entire Heimburger measurements. PMID: 32065069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
Authors: Lam E, Lien YTK, Kraft WK, Piraino B, Vozmediano V, Schmidt S, Zhang J Abstract Intraperitoneal vancomycin is the first-line therapy in the management of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis. However, due to the paucity of data, vancomycin dosing for peritonitis in patients on automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) is empiric and based on clinical experience rather than evidence. Studies in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients have been used to provide guidelines for dosing and are often extrapolated for APD use, but it is unclear whether this is appropriate. This review summarize...
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
Authors: Cho Y, Davies SJ, Johnson DW PMID: 32063221 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this randomized controlled trial, we were unable to demonstrate that regular, targeted testing and retraining of new PD patients increased the time to first peritonitis or reduced the rate of peritonitis, as the study comprised patients with a low risk of peritonitis, was underpowered, open to type 1 statistical error, and contamination between groups. PMID: 32063220 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
Authors: Brown EA, Blake PG, Boudville N, Davies S, de Arteaga J, Dong J, Finkelstein F, Foo M, Hurst H, Johnson DW, Johnson M, Liew A, Moraes T, Perl J, Shroff R, Teitelbaum I, Wang AY, Warady B PMID: 32063219 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
Authors: Blake PG, Brown EA Abstract Person-centered care has become a dominant paradigm in modern health care. It needs to be applied to people with end-stage kidney disease considering the initiation of dialysis and to peritoneal dialysis (PD) prescription and care delivery. It is relevant to their decisions about goals of care, transplantation, palliative care, and discontinuation of dialysis. It is also relevant to decisions about how PD is delivered, including options such as incremental PD. Shared decision-making is the essence of this process and needs to become a standard principle of care. It requires enga...
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
Authors: Liew A Abstract The provision of long-term renal replacement therapies for patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in low and low-middle income countries (LLMICs) has been a pervasive challenge, impeded mainly by monetary constraints, limited health-care resources, and geographical and logistic difficulties. Even for patients who could initiate dialysis, discontinuation of dialysis treatment due to the lack of financial sustainability is a valid concern. While the delivery of high-quality dialysis should not be compromised in these settings, perpetuity on dialysis is of paramount consideration for th...
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
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