Surgical treatment of liver echinococcosis and alveococcosis.

Surgical treatment of liver echinococcosis and alveococcosis. Infez Med. 2019 Dec 01;27(4):422-428 Authors: Panteleev V, Nartaylakov M, Mustafin A, Abdeyev R, Salimgareyev I, Samorodov A, Musharapov D Abstract Parasitic liver zoonoses are endemic to some regions of Russia as well as to Mediterranean countries, Australia, New Zealand, South America, and the Indian subcontinent. However, the available data on the surgical treatment of patients with parasitic liver diseases are often contradictory, and such treatments remain a difficult task today. The effectiveness of surgical treatment was analyzed in 628 patients with echinococcosis and 58 patients with liver alveococcosis managed at the Republican Clinical Hospital during 1998-2018. The most commonly performed surgery for echinococcosis was closed echinococcectomy of different types, which was applied in 428 patients. Surgical outcomes were evaluated according to the type of surgery. Although there were no differences in outcomes in the immediate postoperative period, long-term postoperative outcomes differed with the type of surgery, compelling us to reconsider the surgical methods employed, with a preference for implementing cystectomy with omentoplasty of the residual cavity of the liver. In fact, the best outcomes in terms of recurrence and complications were obtained with minimal but adequate procedures, namely actual echinococcectomy without the resection of the residual cavity or liver. Thus proce...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research

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This appeared last week.My Health Record de-identified data sharing plans pushed backBy Justin Hendry on Feb 14, 2020 7:03AM Basic governance not in place after two yearsControversial plans to share de-identified My Health Record data by default for research and public health purposes have been quietly pushed back, with basic arrangements necessary for the release of data not yet in place.iTnews can reveal the Department of Health has delayed the release of the first de-identified datasets sourced from the federal government ’s $2 billion digital health record system until next year.Under the secondary data use frame...
Source: Australian Health Information Technology - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Ali Dalir Ghaffari, Abdolhossein Dalimi, Fatemeh Ghaffarifar, Majid PirestaniAbstractToxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is a common parasitic disease, affecting almost one-third of the world's population. Currently, there are no effective treatments for inhibiting the formation of chronic tissue cysts in infected hosts. Thus, the production of appropriate vaccines against this pathogen is an important goal to avoid toxoplasmosis. considering the role of rhoptry antigens like ROP16 in virulence and satisfactory immunogenicit...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionOverexpression in efflux pump transporter genes together with mutations in ERG11 pave the way to fluconazole resistance among C. tropicalis. To the best of our knowledge this is the first study on C. tropicalis fluconazole resistance mechanism from North India region.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study is the first one to report of bovine bartonellosis in Algeria, both in dairy cattle and in potential Bartonella vectors, with the detection of B. bovis DNA in tick samples and B. chomelii in fly samples.
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious DiseasesAuthor(s): Sophia Di Cataldo, Joshua Kamani, Aitor Cevidanes, Emmanuel G. Msheliza, Javier MillánAbstractThe presence of DNA of hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas) was investigated for the first time in bats in Africa. Blood samples from 90 bats captured within or near human settlements in nine study areas from five states in Nigeria belonging to six genera of the families Pteropodidae, Rhinolophidae, and the Molossidae were analyzed using conventional PCR protocol targeting a 391 bp part of the 16...
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: Miyata M, Funaki A, Fukuhara C, Sumiya Y, Sugiura Y Abstract Mice lacking the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) are used as a genetic model for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease because their livers exhibit hepatic steatosis and inflammation. The influence of taurine drinking on disrupted hepatic function was investigated using female Fxr-null mice. Significant decreases in the levels of hepatic damage-associated diagnostic markers, hepatic triglycerides, non-esterified fatty acids, and total bile acids were found in Fxr-null mice that had drunk water containing 0.5% taurine for four weeks. Hepatic but not serum t...
Source: Journal of Toxicological Sciences - Category: Toxicology Tags: J Toxicol Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical GastroenterologyAuthor(s): Maria Guarino, Valentina Cossiga, Filomena MoriscoAbstractAbnormal liver tests occur in 3-5% of pregnancies and show many different causes. Although alterations of liver enzymes could be a physiological phenomenon, it may also reflect potential severe liver injury, necessitating further assessment and accurate management. The work-up has to consider liver diseases specific of pregnancy and non pregnancy-related liver damage (coincidental and pre-existing to pregnancy).Pre-existing liver diseases during...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsConsidering major health and economic problems posed by unrestrained diabetes epidemic in India, research in this area remains highly inadequate.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There are considerable international variations in PD modality use and prescription patterns that translate into important differences in achieved dialysis clearances. Ongoing recruitment of additional PDOPPS participants and accrual of follow-up time will allow us to test the associations between specific PD prescription regimens and clinical and patient-reported outcomes. PMID: 32063209 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Remote monitoring is valued by clinicians in promoting and maintaining patients on PD and enabling data-driven decisions. Remote monitoring enhances patient-focused care, but clinicians also emphasise the need to protect patient privacy and establish boundaries for use. Remote monitoring that supports the clinicians' role and adheres to principles of data security maintains patient privacy may enhance care and outcomes for patients on PD. PMID: 32063207 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
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