Molecular Analyses of Left- and Right-Sided Tumors in Adolescents and Young Adults with Colorectal Cancer.

CONCLUSION: Molecular profiling of AYA CRC revealed different molecular characteristics in RT versus LT. Epigenetic mechanisms and alteration in DNA repair genes warrant further investigation and may be a promising treatment target for CRC in AYA. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) in adolescents and young adults (AYA) comprises a distinct entity with different clinicopathologic features and prognosis compared with older patients. Molecular profiling of right- and left-sided tumors in AYA is needed to gain novel insight into CRC biology and to tailor targeted treatment in this age group. This study found that right- and left-sided CRC show distinct molecular features in AYA, overall and in subgroups based on microsatellite instability status. Alterations in DNA double-strand break repair and homologous recombination repair, as well as epigenetic mechanisms, appear to play a critical role. The present molecular profiling data may support the development of personalized treatment strategies in the AYA population. PMID: 31848314 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research

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In conclusion, the concept of an epigenetic clock is compelling, but caution should be taken in interpreting associations with age acceleration. Association tests of age acceleration should include age as a covariate. A Discussion of Recent Work on Allotopic Expression of Mitochondrial Genes at the SENS Research Foundation https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/02/a-discussion-of-recent-work-on-allotopic-expression-of-mitochondrial-genes-at-the-sens-research-foundation/ A paper published last month outlines recent progress on allotopic expression of mitochondrial genes carried out by the SENS Research ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, we reviewed major human studies on the health risks of radiation exposure and showed that sex-related factors may potentially influence the long-term response to radiation exposure. Available data suggest that long-term radiosensitivity in women is higher than that in men who receive a comparable dose of radiation. The report on the biological effects of ionizing radiation (BEIR VII) published in 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences, United States emphasized that women may be at significantly greater risk of suffering and dying from radiation-induced cancer than men exposed to the same dose of radiation....
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This study was supported by the Shanghai Sailing Program [grant number 17YF1425200, 2017]; Chinese National Natural Science Funding [grant number 81702249, 2017]; Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality [grant number 17511103403, 2017]; The funder has no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments We acknowledge the ex...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Introduction: Lynch syndrome or hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) is inherited disorder in DNA mismatch repair genes which lead to microsatellite instability and increased risk of developing such cancers as colorectal, gastric, endometrial and others in relatively young adults under 50 years of age. Since genes who account for this syndrome have been identified and are transferred to next generations, many countries have launched a screening programme for selected patient groups to carry out prevention strategies.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Basic Science 5 – Oncology Source Type: research
IntroductionPediatric chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) accounts for 10 to 15% of children with myeloid leukemia and 2 to 9% of all pediatric leukemias. Prior to the discovery of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) such as imatinib, stem cell transplantation was the only curative treatment for both adults and children with CML. However, due to the small numbers of patients, standardized treatment approaches for pediatric CML have not been established. There are several unique characteristics of CML diagnosed in children and adolescents, and young adults (AYA; 16-29 years), compared to adults. Children and AYA with CML present wi...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 631. Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Biology and Pathophysiology, excluding Therapy: Poster III Source Type: research
In conclusion, weight cycling significantly increased life-span relative to remaining with obesity and had a similar benefit to sustained modest weight loss. Support for Oxidized Cholesterol as a Primary Cause of Atherosclerosis https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2018/11/support-for-oxidized-cholesterol-as-a-primary-cause-of-atherosclerosis/ In the paper I'll point out today, the authors provide evidence in support of the concept that it is specifically oxidized cholesterol that is the primary cause of atherosclerosis rather than the condition resulting from too much cholesterol in general. In atheroscl...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This study suggests that exocrine glands can be induced from pluripotent stem cells for organ replacement regenerative therapy. Replacement of Aged Microglia Partially Reverses Cognitive Decline in Mice https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2018/10/replacement-of-aged-microglia-partially-reverses-cognitive-decline-in-mice/ Researchers here report on a compelling demonstration that shows the degree to which dysfunctional microglia contribute to age-related neurodegeneration. The scientists use a pharmacological approach to greatly deplete the microglial population and then allow it to recover naturally. The...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract BACKGROUND: The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in younger patients is rising, mostly due to tumors in the descending colon and rectum. Therefore, we aimed to explore the molecular differences of left-sided CRC between younger (≤45 years) and older patients (≥65). SUBJECTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: In total, 1,126 CRC tumor samples from the splenic flexure to (and including) the rectum were examined by next-generation sequencing (NGS), immunohistochemistry, and in situ hybridization. Microsatellite instability (MSI) and tumor mutational burden (TMB) were assessed by NGS. RESULTS: Young...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research
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