Augmenting attention treatment therapies for difficult-to-treat anxiety in children and adolescents
(Elsevier) Between 30 to 50 percent of youth in the United States diagnosed with an anxiety disorder fail to respond to cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT). A new study in JAACAP, published by Elsevier, reports that computer-based attention training could reduce anxiety in children and adolescents.
CONCLUSION: MBCT was effective for treating GAD. PMID: 32611828 [PubMed - in process]
ConclusionsSecure attachment imagery is effective in reducing paranoia and anxiety and operates via cognitive fusion. In clinical practice, these interventions should seek to facilitate the ability to ‘step back’ from compelling threat beliefs, in order to be most beneficial.
CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence that for women who experience IPV, psychological therapies probably reduce depression and may reduce anxiety. However, we are uncertain whether psychological therapies improve other outcomes (self-efficacy, post-traumatic stress disorder, re-exposure to IPV, safety planning) and there are limited data on harm. Thus, while psychological therapies probably improve emotional health, it is unclear if women's ongoing needs for safety, support and holistic healing from complex trauma are addressed by this approach. There is a need for more interventions focused on trauma approaches and more rigorou...
Conditions: Pulmonary Hypertension; Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension; Anxiety; Anxiety Disorders Intervention: Other: Cognitive Behavioural therapy self help intervention for anxiety Sponsor: University of Sheffield Not yet recruiting
Abstract Arabic-speaking immigrants and refugees constitute one of the largest immigrant groups in Sweden. Previous research on Arabic-speaking immigrants indicates elevated levels of psychological disorders, including depression and anxiety. The aim of the present pilot study was to examine the efficacy of an internet-delivered cognitive behavioural treatment (ICBT) in an Arabic-speaking immigrant population. The intervention was individually tailored based on self-described problems and consisted of nine modules targeting areas such as depression, anxiety and insomnia. In total, 59 individuals were included and ...
DiscussionThis trial will demonstrate whether IPDT is non-inferior to ICBT in the treatment of adolescent depression. The study might therefore broaden the range of evidence-based treatment alternatives for young people struggling with depression. Further analyses of data from this trial may increase our knowledge about “what works for whom” and the pathways of change for two distinct types of interventions.Trial registrationISRCTN12552584, Registered on 13 August 2019.
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We report that short-term exposure to a high-cholesterol diet led to decreased thigmotaxis and short-term spatial memory impairment without affecting long-term recognition memory. Furthermore, cognitive and behavioral phenotypes in these mice were associated with a reduction in interleukin-15 levels in the absence of changes in other inflammatory mediators. Our findings indicate that interleukin-15 may play a role in early stages of cognitive impairment secondary to hypercholesterolemia. Consequently, optimization of interleukin-15 signaling may be a viable effective cognitive therapy in the population susceptible to devel...
ConclusionHigher levels of baseline AS negatively impact response to CBT for OCD.
This article was originally published on The Conversation. The Study in Context: Study: 46.7 million Americans have Alzheimer’s Disease brain pathology today, so it’s urgent to prevent or at least delay progression to clinical disease Report: 35% of worldwide dementia cases could be prevented by modifying these 9 modifiable risk factors Solving the Brain Fitness Puzzle Is the Key to Self-Empowered Aging