The Elusive Nature of Delay Discounting as a Transdiagnostic Process in Psychiatric Disorders

To the Editor Amlung and colleagues published a meta-analysis of delay discounting (DD), a behavioral measure of impulsivity and self-control, including 57 effect sizes from 43 studies across 8 psychiatric diagnostic categories. Results indicated a greater preference for smaller immediate monetary rewards (ie, more impulsive decision-making) in 6 conditions (major depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder) compared with controls but greater preference for larger delayed rewards (ie, more self-controlled choice) in anorexia nervosa. The findings have important implications for the National Institute of Mental Health ’s Research Domain Criteria initiative, which seeks to elucidate neurocognitive mechanisms that transcend categorical diagnoses.
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 31 May 2020Source: Environmental Toxicology and PharmacologyAuthor(s): Badmus O. Olufunto, Njan Anoka, Ologe M. Olufunmilayo, Olatunji A. Lawrence
Source: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Providers involved in the care of children, adolescents, and adults with mental health issues are rightly focused on stabilizing those individuals. However, they should not forget the families and communities; they, too, are grieving with the toll of t...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
We compared the efficacy and safety of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) vs. Sertraline in the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in South Korean participants. This was a multi-center, double blind, active controlled study with non-i...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2020Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): J.E. King, H. Jebeile, S.P. Garnett, L.A. Baur, S.J. Paxton, M.L. Gow
Source: Mental Health and Physical Activity - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study showed positive association between depression and IL-1 β , IL-9 in T2DM patients. Additionally, the diabetic patients have poorer quality of life, which is further worsened by the presence of depression. Thus, routine assessment for the presence of depression is suggested in T2DM patients.RESUMO Introdu ção: O diabetes e a depressão comórbidas são condições crônicas prevalentes que afetam negativamente a qualidade de vida (QdV). A inflamação tem sido considerada como um mecanismo integral em pacientes com diabetes e depress&at...
Source: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the world of psychiatry is a possible hidden reservoir of HCV and, as such, a part of the challenge for eliminating the virus. Patients, families, and caregivers will have to be correctly sensitized and trained to play their role in the process. Specific investigations will be required to better understand why such an increased prevalence of HCV is observed in this population. Specific adaptations of the cascade of care within psychiatric settings, including access to treatment, will need to be designed, implemented, and evaluated for reaching micro-elimination of HCV in psychiatry. PMID: 32473777 [PubMe...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Dermatological and psychiatric conditions are frequent and underestimated among medical students in Morocco. Dermatologic and psychiatric comorbidity is associated with a higher prevalence of psychoactive substance use and suicide attempts. PMID: 32473776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
Conclusions The FSAS-Br showed consistent validity and reliability evidence. Therefore, it can be used in ICD patients in Brazil. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(5):764-772)
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusions The FSAS-Br showed consistent validity and reliability evidence. Therefore, it can be used in ICD patients in Brazil. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(5):764-772)
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionWe found a high prevalence of depression. Its negative effects on the individual and increased costs to the health system, supports the screening and treatment of the disease in the older population. This problem should be a national priority, with screening and treatment becoming part of the national quality of care indicators which would then be implemented by the HMOs as part of an integrated disease management program for the elderly.
Source: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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