Heart Failure End Points in Cardiovascular Outcome Trials of Sodium Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Critical Evaluation of Clinical and Regulatory Issues.

This report summarizes these discussions and the key takeaway messages from this meeting. PMID: 31841369 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research

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RARITAN, N.J., March 20, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today that it will unveil late-breaking data from its leading cardiovascular and metabolism portfolio during the virtual American College of Cardiology’s 69th Annual Scientific Session together with the World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC) on March 28-30, 2020. Notably, four late-breaking abstracts for XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) will be presented, including data from the Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD study in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization.Click to ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Authors: Guthrie R Abstract Review of:Rosenstock J, Perkovic V, Johansen, OE, et al. Effect of linagliptin vs placebo on major cardiovascular events in adults with type 2 diabetes and high cardiovascular and renal risk: the CARMELINA randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2019;321:69-79.McGuire DK, Alexander JH, Johansen OE, et al. Linagliptin effects on heart failure and related outcomes in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus at high cardiovascular and renal risk in CARMELINA. Circulation. 2019;139:351-361.These two papers describe the findings from the CARMELINA trial (Cardiovascular and Renal Microvascular Outco...
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
Abstract Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor drugs are effective for treatment of type-2 diabetes mellitus. These medications target the SGLT2 transporter in the proximal convoluted tubule to prevent reabsorption of filtered glucose, resulting in glucosuria. Other clinically meaningful benefits beyond glycemic control include reductions in blood pressure, weight, and albuminuria. Three large clinical trials and subsequent meta-analyses studying SGLT2 inhibitors demonstrated significant cardiovascular benefits including reductions in heart failure hospitalizations, as well as reduced risk of myocardia...
Source: Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Positive costs avoided for each of the outcomes considered were predicted in the main analysis, with ESKD as the outcome predicted to have the greatest costs avoided at $2.92 PMPY. PMID: 31916465 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Vincent C. WooAbstractAdults with type 2 diabetes mellitus can benefit from pharmacotherapies that lower their risk for cardiovascular disease. This review describes the salient findings from sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor cardiovascular outcome trials that serendipitously revealed the cardiorenal benefits of SGLT2 inhibitors in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus who either have established cardiovascular disease or multiple cardiovascular risk factors. It also summarizes the findings from other phase 3 cl...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Pioglitazone should be considered in patients with or at high risk of T2DM for the prevention of cardiovascular endpoints, especially in those with a history of established CVD who might benefit the most. Robust reductions in progression of renal disease are seen regardless of baseline renal function degree. PMID: 31822895 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: In T2DM patients, CKD presence was associated with higher risk of modified MACE, HF, and ACM. This may have risk-stratification implications for T2DM patients based on background CKD and highlights the potential importance of novel renoprotective strategies. PMID: 31812955 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Nephrol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Vincent C. WooAbstractIndividuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus can benefit from pharmacotherapies that lower their risk for cardiovascular disease. This review describes the salient findings from sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor cardiovascular outcome trials that serendipitously revealed the cardiorenal benefits of SGLT2 inhibitors in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus who either have established cardiovascular disease or multiple cardiovascular risk factors. It also summarizes the findings from other ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionAspirin reduced the risks of MACCE and cancer without increasing the bleeding risk in elderly Koreans with hypertension, T2DM, or dyslipidemia. Moreover, the benefits of the long-term use of aspirin in reducing the risks of MACCE were demonstrated. However, the decision of using aspirin for primary prevention must be carefully made on an individual basis, while estimating the benefit –risk balance of aspirin.
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
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